Approaches to Emotion

By Klaus R. Scherer; Paul Ekman | Go to book overview

9 Cognition, Emotion and Motivation: The Doctoring of Humpty-Dumpty

Richard S. Lazarus James C. Coyne Susan Folkman University of California, Berkeley

The importance of cognitive processes in human adaptation is now generally accepted, and the cognitive orientation has experienced such a general resurgence in psychology that it has even been referred to as a "cognitive revolution" ( Dember, 1974). Yet, "campaigners for a 'cognitive movement' can hardly afford to slacken their efforts now that their candidates have ostensibly assumed office" ( Mahoney, 1977, p. 6). They have campaign promises to keep or apologies to make as they confront the basic problems of psychology from their special perspective. Undoubtedly, extreme idological positions will have to be softened or abandoned as cognitive theorists come to terms with important areas of inquiry they have previously ignored.

During the 19th century it was fashionable to separate cognition (reason) from emotion (passion) and motivation (will or volition). Few would still seriously subscribe to the view that the three are distinct and fundamental faculties capable of independent development, but their reintegration--the doctoring of the shattered Humpty-Dumpty--has proven to be a frustrating problem for a succession of theoretical frameworks.1 Too often the problem has been settled with the accession of one of the three, the banishment of another, and a denial of any data

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1
Since writing this we have come across a related quote from Riegel ( 1979) concerning faculty psychology and modem experimental psychology. He writes:

But not even all the King's horses and all the King's men could put Humpty-Dumpty together again, and thus, experimentalists were bound to fail in their attempts of putting meaning back into their psychology from which they had eliminated it so radically. Meaning is not something that can be added later to the system analyzed; rather, it is the most fundamental topic [p. 3].

-221-

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Approaches to Emotion
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • Questions About Emotion: An Introduction 1
  • References 7
  • 1: BIOLOGICAL APPROACH 9
  • 1: Emotion: A Neurobehavioral Analysis 13
  • References 34
  • 2: Hemispheric Asymmetry and Emotion 39
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 54
  • 3: Contributions from Neuroendocrinology 59
  • References 70
  • II DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACHES 73
  • 5: The Organization of Emotional Development 109
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 127
  • References 127
  • 6: Emotions in Infancy: Regulators of Contact and Relationships with Persons 129
  • Acknowledgments 154
  • III PSYCHOLOGICAL AND ETHOLOGICAL APPROACHES 159
  • 7: Affect Theory 163
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 194
  • References 194
  • 8: Emotions: A General Psychoevolutionary Theory 197
  • References 218
  • 9: Cognition, Emotion and Motivation: The Doctoring of Humpty-Dumpty 221
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 234
  • 10: The Interaction of Affect and Cognition 239
  • 11: Thoughts on the Relations Between Emotion and Cognition 247
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 255
  • References 255
  • 12: On Primacy of Affect 259
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 268
  • 13: A Perceptual Motor Theory of Emotion of Emotion 271
  • References 289
  • 4: On the Nature and Function of Emotion: A Component Process Approach 293
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 315
  • References 316
  • 15: Expression and the Nature of Emotion 319
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 340
  • 16: Animal Communication: Affect or Cognition? 345
  • Acknowledgments 363
  • References 363
  • IV SOCIOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLIGICAL APPROACHES 367
  • 17: Power, Status, and Emotions: A Sociological Contribution to A Psychophysiological Domain 369
  • References 381
  • 18: The Role of Emotion in Social Structure 385
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 396
  • References 396
  • 19: The Emotions in Comparative Perspective 397
  • References 411
  • Author Index 413
  • Subject Index 423
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