Visual Perception and Cognition in Infancy

By Carl Granrud | Go to book overview

mechanisms, ignoring developmental changes at earlier stages of the visual system. The advantage of the ideal observer approach is that it reminds the researcher that there are many developmental changes that occur distal to any cortical mechanisms. These distal changes in the visual system can have substantial influence on what type of information reaches visual cortex and, in fact, may be responsible for developmental changes in many of the aspects of visual function described in the chapters by Banks and Shannon, Teller and Lindsey, Aslin, and Held.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was supported by NIH grant EY 05804. I thank Marty Banks and Dick Aslin for helpful discussions on the ideal observer approach, and Carl Granrud for comments on an earlier version of this chapter.


REFERENCES

Aslin R. N. ( 1988). "Anatomical constraints on oculomotor development: Implications for infant perception". In A. Yonas (Ed.), Perceptual development in infancy (pp. 67-104). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Aslin R. N., & Dumais S. T. ( 1980). "Binocular vision in infants: A review and a theoretical framework". Advances in Child Development, 15, 53-94.

Atkinson J., Braddick O., & French J. ( 1979). "Contrast sensitivity of the human neonate measured by the visual evoked potential". Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 18, 210-213.

Banks M. S., & Bennett P. J. ( 1988). "Optical and photoreceptor immaturities limit the spatial and chromatic vision of human neonates". Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 5, 2059-2079.

Banks M. S., & Salapatek P. ( 1978). "Acuity and contrast sensitivity in 1-, 2-, and 3-month-old human infants". Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 17, 361-365.

Berry R. N. ( 1948). "Quantitative relations among vernier, real depth, and stereoscopic depth acuities". Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38, 708-721.

Birch E. E., Gwiazda J., Bauer J. A., Jr., Naegele J., & Held R. ( 1983). "Visual acuity and its meridional variations in children aged 7-60 months". Vision Research, 23, 1019-1024.

Birch E. E., Gwiazda J., & Held R. ( 1982). "Stereoacuity development for crossed and uncrossed disparities in human infants". Vision Research, 22, 507-513.

Bronson G. ( 1974). "The postnatal growth of visual capacity". Child Development, 45, 873-890.

Geisler W. S. ( 1984). "Physical limits of acuity and hyperacuity". Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 1, 775-782.

Gwiazda J., Bauer J., & Held R. ( 1989). "From visual acuity to hyperacuity: A 10-year update". Canadian Journal of Psychology, 43, 109-120.

Hamer R. D., Alexander K. R., & Teller D. Y. ( 1982). Rayleigh discriminations in young human infants. Vision Research, 22, 575-587.

Held R. ( 1985). "Binocular vision: Behavioral and neuronal development". In J. Mehler & R. Fox (Eds.), Neonate cognition: Beyond the blooming buzzing confusion (pp. 37-44). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hendrickson A. E., & Yuodelis C. ( 1984). "The morphological development of the human fovea". Ophthalmology, 91, 603-612.

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Visual Perception and Cognition in Infancy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • 1: Spatial and Chromatic Visual Efficiency in Human Neonates 1
  • References 43
  • Acknowledgments 46
  • Acknowledgments 46
  • 2: Motion Nulling Techniques and Infant Color Vision 47
  • Acknowledgments 73
  • References 73
  • 3: What Can Rates of Development Tell Us About Underlying Mechanisms? 75
  • Acknowledgments 89
  • References 89
  • 4: Perception of Visual Direction in Human Infants 91
  • Acknowledgments 119
  • References 119
  • 5: Kinematic Foundations of Infant Visual Perception 121
  • 5: Kinematic Foundations of Infant Visual Perception 168
  • References 173
  • References 173
  • 6: Infants' Perception of Biomechanical Motions: Intrinsic Image and Knowledge-Based Constraints 175
  • Acknowledgments 214
  • References 214
  • 7: Infants' Sensitivity to Motion-Carried Information for Depth and Object Properties 215
  • Acknowledgments 234
  • References 234
  • 8: Future-Oriented Processes in Infancy: The Case of Visual Expectations 235
  • References 263
  • Conclusion 308
  • Acknowledgments 311
  • References 312
  • 10: Commentary: Extending the IdealObserver Approach 317
  • Acknowledgments 331
  • References 331
  • 11: Commentary: Cheers and Lamentations 333
  • References 344
  • Author Index 345
  • Subject Index 353
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