African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook

By Emmanuel S. Nelson | Go to book overview

JAMES MADISON BELL (1826-1902)

Robert L. Milde


BIOGRAPHY

James Madison Bell was born April 3, 1826, in Gallipolis, Ohio. At seventeen he moved to his brother-in-law's in Cincinnati to learn plastering, the trade that would support him most of his life. In winter he studied at the new "colored" high school associated with Oberlin College, working his trade the rest of the year; in later years as a traveling orator he would follow the same schedule. He married Louisiana Sanderlin in 1847 and, an impassioned abolitionist, chose to move his family to Chatham, Ontario, in 1854. He raised funds and recruits for John Brown from at least 1857 to the famous raid in 1859, and his home served as headquarters during Brown's planning and organizing trip to Canada in 1858. In the political aftermath of the raid, Bell "only escaped the fate of many of John Brown's men by the providence of God" ( Arnett7) and in 1860 moved without his wife and children to San Francisco, where he lived until 1866.

In San Francisco Bell began his career as a poet/orator. He was active in many organizations, from civil rights conventions, to the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) church, to the new San Francisco Literary Institute. Both his poems and his trade advertisements appeared in the San Francisco Elevator and Pacific Appeal; at least once he received mention as a "plasterer, brickmason, and poet" ( Abajian 142). In 1862 he began giving public orations of long poems, which were sold in pamphlet form. These include "A Poem" on Emancipation ( 1862), "The Day and the War" ( 1864), a "Poem" on the death of Lincoln ( 1865), his "Valedictory on Leaving San Francisco" ( 1866), and "The Progress of Liberty" ( 1866) on the end of the war.

After relocating his family from Canada to Toledo, Ohio, Bell toured nationally with "Modern Moses" ( 1866). On tour in 1867, he met William Wells

-13-

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African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xiii
  • Elizabeth Laura Adams (1909-) 1
  • Bibliography 4
  • Octavia Victoria Rogers Albert (1853-1890 ) 6
  • Bibliography 12
  • James Madison Bell (1826-1902) 13
  • Bibliography 16
  • Gwendolyn Bennett (1902-1981) 18
  • Henry Walton Bibb (1815-1854) 24
  • Marita Bonner (1898-1971) 30
  • Bibliography 34
  • Arna Bontemps (1902-1973) 36
  • Bibliography 40
  • William Stanley Braithwaite (1878-1962) 44
  • Bibliography 48
  • Claude Brown (1937- ) 50
  • Bibliography 56
  • Sterling A. Brown (1901-1989) 57
  • Bibliography 62
  • William Wells Brown (1814-1884) 64
  • Bibliography 69
  • Charles Waddell Chesnutt (1858-1932) 73
  • Bibliography 77
  • Anna Julia Cooper (1858?-1964) 80
  • Bibliography 85
  • Countee Cullen (1903-1946) 88
  • Bibliography 96
  • Lucy A. Delaney (c. 1828-19?) 98
  • Bibliography 100
  • Martin Robinson Delany (1812-1885) 101
  • Bibliography 105
  • Frederick Douglass (1818-1895) 108
  • Bibliography 118
  • W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963) 121
  • Bibliography 129
  • Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906) 132
  • Bibliography 136
  • Alice Moore Dunbar- Nelson (1875-1935) 139
  • Bibliography 142
  • Olaudah Equiano (1745-1797) 147
  • Bibliography 153
  • Jessie Redmon Fauset (1882-1961) 155
  • Bibliography 159
  • Rudolph Fisher (1897-1934) 161
  • Bibliography 167
  • Sarah Lee Brown Fleming (1876-1963) 170
  • Bibliography 174
  • Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. (1887-1940) 175
  • Edythe Mae Gordon (c. 1898-) 184
  • Sutton E. Griggs (1872-1933) 188
  • Bibliography 192
  • Angelina Weld Grimké (1880-1958) 194
  • Bibliography 197
  • Charlotte Lottie Forten Grimé (1837-1914) 199
  • Bibliography 203
  • Briton Hammon (Late 1720s-) 205
  • Bibliography 207
  • Jupitor Hammon (1711-1806) 209
  • Bibliography 211
  • Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911) 213
  • Bibliography 218
  • Juanita Harrison (1891-) 220
  • Bibliography 223
  • George Wylie Henderson (1904-1965) 224
  • Bibliography 228
  • Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins (1859-1930) 231
  • Bibliography 235
  • George Moses Horton (1797-1883) 239
  • James H. W. Howard (1856-) 244
  • Bibliography 248
  • Langston Hughes (1902-1967) 249
  • Bibliography 256
  • Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960) 259
  • Bibliography 265
  • Rebecca Cox Jackson (1795-1871) 270
  • Bibliography 273
  • Harriet Ann Jacobs (c. 1813-1897) 275
  • Bibliography 279
  • Amelia E. Johnson (1858-1922) 280
  • Bibliography 283
  • Georgia Douglas Johnson (18807-1966) 284
  • Bibliography 287
  • Helene Johnson (1906-1995) 290
  • Bibliography 295
  • James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938) 297
  • Bibliography 303
  • Elizabeth Keckley (1818/1819-1907) 306
  • Bibliography 309
  • Emma Dunham Kelley-Hawkins (?-) 311
  • Bibliography 315
  • Nella Larsen (1891-1964) 316
  • Bibliography 321
  • Jarena Lee (1783-) 324
  • Bibliography 327
  • Alain Locke (1886-1954) 329
  • Bibliography 332
  • John Marrant (1755-1791) 334
  • Bibliography 337
  • Claude McKay (1889-1948) 338
  • Bibliography 346
  • Richard Bruce Nugent (1906-1987) 349
  • Bibliography 351
  • Eliza C. Potter (1820-) 353
  • Bibliography 355
  • Mary Prince (c. 1788-) 357
  • Bibliography 360
  • Nancy Prince (1799-c. 1856) 361
  • Bibliography 364
  • Henrietta Cordelia Ray (c.1849-1916) 366
  • Bibliography 369
  • Mary Seacole (1805-1881) 371
  • Bibliography 374
  • Maria W. Stewart (1803-1879) 375
  • Bibliography 378
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) 379
  • Bibliography 382
  • Lucy Terry (c. 1730-1821) 384
  • Bibliography 385
  • Wallace Thurman (1902-1934) 387
  • Bibliography 392
  • Katherine Davis Chapman Tillman (1870-) 396
  • Bibliography 398
  • Melvin Beaunorus Tolson (1898-1966) 400
  • Bibliography 406
  • Eugene (Jean) Pinchback Toomer (1894-1967) 408
  • Bibliography 415
  • Sojourner Truth (1797, 1800?-1883) 418
  • Bibliography 422
  • David Walker (1785-1830) 424
  • Bibliography 427
  • Eric Walrond (1898-1966) 429
  • Bibliography 436
  • Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) 440
  • Bibliography 446
  • Frank Webb (?-) 448
  • Bibliography 454
  • Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862-1931) 455
  • Bibliography 459
  • Phillis Wheatley (1754-1784) 463
  • Bibliography 467
  • Walter White (1893-1955) 469
  • Bibliography 472
  • James Monroe Whitfield (1822-1871) 474
  • Bibliography 478
  • Albery Allson Whitman (1851-1901) 479
  • Bibliography 481
  • Harriet E. Wilson (1827?-1863) 483
  • Bibliography 486
  • Richard Wright (1908-1960) 488
  • Bibliography 505
  • Zara Wright (?-) 508
  • Bibliography 511
  • Selected Bibliography 513
  • Index 515
  • About the Editor and Contributors 521
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