African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook

By Emmanuel S. Nelson | Go to book overview

ARNA BONTEMPS (1902-1973)

Jacqueline C. Jones


BIOGRAPHY

Arnaud (Arna) Wendell Bontemps was born on October 13, 1902, in Alexandria, Louisiana. His mother was a teacher, and his father worked as a brick mason and a carpenter. When he was three years old, his family moved to Los Angeles due to his father's treatment by racist whites. Soon after relocating to California, the family converted from Catholicism to the Seventh-Day Adventist faith. Arna, who was educated at church schools, would spend a large part of his life in Seventh-Day Adventist educational institutions. After his mother's death when he was eleven years old, Bontemps became more interested in reading and in African American history. The first book that Bontemps recalled reading was Booker T. Washington* The Story of My Life and Work, a precursor to the more famous autobiography Up from Slavery.

In May 1922 Bontemps graduated from Pacific Union College in California, where he majored in English and minored in history. He then took a job in the Los Angeles post office, where Wallace Thurman* was also employed. During the summer of 1924 Bontemps learned that his poem "Hope" would be published in Crisis. Given the rise in literary activity, it is no surprise that Bontemps headed for Harlem in August 1924.

Bontemps found employment at Harlem Academy, a Seventh-Day Adventist school in Harlem, and also took graduate classes at Columbia University. He became friends with Countee Cullen,* who in late 1924 introduced him to his lifelong friend and correspondent, Langston Hughes.* As a core member of the literati, Bontemps enjoyed the camaraderie and support that the writers, painters, poets, and singers offered each other. Bontemps was the recipient of Opportunity magazine's Alexander Pushkin Poetry Prize in 1926 for "Golgotha Is a Mountain"

-36-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xiii
  • Elizabeth Laura Adams (1909-) 1
  • Bibliography 4
  • Octavia Victoria Rogers Albert (1853-1890 ) 6
  • Bibliography 12
  • James Madison Bell (1826-1902) 13
  • Bibliography 16
  • Gwendolyn Bennett (1902-1981) 18
  • Henry Walton Bibb (1815-1854) 24
  • Marita Bonner (1898-1971) 30
  • Bibliography 34
  • Arna Bontemps (1902-1973) 36
  • Bibliography 40
  • William Stanley Braithwaite (1878-1962) 44
  • Bibliography 48
  • Claude Brown (1937- ) 50
  • Bibliography 56
  • Sterling A. Brown (1901-1989) 57
  • Bibliography 62
  • William Wells Brown (1814-1884) 64
  • Bibliography 69
  • Charles Waddell Chesnutt (1858-1932) 73
  • Bibliography 77
  • Anna Julia Cooper (1858?-1964) 80
  • Bibliography 85
  • Countee Cullen (1903-1946) 88
  • Bibliography 96
  • Lucy A. Delaney (c. 1828-19?) 98
  • Bibliography 100
  • Martin Robinson Delany (1812-1885) 101
  • Bibliography 105
  • Frederick Douglass (1818-1895) 108
  • Bibliography 118
  • W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963) 121
  • Bibliography 129
  • Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906) 132
  • Bibliography 136
  • Alice Moore Dunbar- Nelson (1875-1935) 139
  • Bibliography 142
  • Olaudah Equiano (1745-1797) 147
  • Bibliography 153
  • Jessie Redmon Fauset (1882-1961) 155
  • Bibliography 159
  • Rudolph Fisher (1897-1934) 161
  • Bibliography 167
  • Sarah Lee Brown Fleming (1876-1963) 170
  • Bibliography 174
  • Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. (1887-1940) 175
  • Edythe Mae Gordon (c. 1898-) 184
  • Sutton E. Griggs (1872-1933) 188
  • Bibliography 192
  • Angelina Weld Grimké (1880-1958) 194
  • Bibliography 197
  • Charlotte Lottie Forten Grimé (1837-1914) 199
  • Bibliography 203
  • Briton Hammon (Late 1720s-) 205
  • Bibliography 207
  • Jupitor Hammon (1711-1806) 209
  • Bibliography 211
  • Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911) 213
  • Bibliography 218
  • Juanita Harrison (1891-) 220
  • Bibliography 223
  • George Wylie Henderson (1904-1965) 224
  • Bibliography 228
  • Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins (1859-1930) 231
  • Bibliography 235
  • George Moses Horton (1797-1883) 239
  • James H. W. Howard (1856-) 244
  • Bibliography 248
  • Langston Hughes (1902-1967) 249
  • Bibliography 256
  • Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960) 259
  • Bibliography 265
  • Rebecca Cox Jackson (1795-1871) 270
  • Bibliography 273
  • Harriet Ann Jacobs (c. 1813-1897) 275
  • Bibliography 279
  • Amelia E. Johnson (1858-1922) 280
  • Bibliography 283
  • Georgia Douglas Johnson (18807-1966) 284
  • Bibliography 287
  • Helene Johnson (1906-1995) 290
  • Bibliography 295
  • James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938) 297
  • Bibliography 303
  • Elizabeth Keckley (1818/1819-1907) 306
  • Bibliography 309
  • Emma Dunham Kelley-Hawkins (?-) 311
  • Bibliography 315
  • Nella Larsen (1891-1964) 316
  • Bibliography 321
  • Jarena Lee (1783-) 324
  • Bibliography 327
  • Alain Locke (1886-1954) 329
  • Bibliography 332
  • John Marrant (1755-1791) 334
  • Bibliography 337
  • Claude McKay (1889-1948) 338
  • Bibliography 346
  • Richard Bruce Nugent (1906-1987) 349
  • Bibliography 351
  • Eliza C. Potter (1820-) 353
  • Bibliography 355
  • Mary Prince (c. 1788-) 357
  • Bibliography 360
  • Nancy Prince (1799-c. 1856) 361
  • Bibliography 364
  • Henrietta Cordelia Ray (c.1849-1916) 366
  • Bibliography 369
  • Mary Seacole (1805-1881) 371
  • Bibliography 374
  • Maria W. Stewart (1803-1879) 375
  • Bibliography 378
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) 379
  • Bibliography 382
  • Lucy Terry (c. 1730-1821) 384
  • Bibliography 385
  • Wallace Thurman (1902-1934) 387
  • Bibliography 392
  • Katherine Davis Chapman Tillman (1870-) 396
  • Bibliography 398
  • Melvin Beaunorus Tolson (1898-1966) 400
  • Bibliography 406
  • Eugene (Jean) Pinchback Toomer (1894-1967) 408
  • Bibliography 415
  • Sojourner Truth (1797, 1800?-1883) 418
  • Bibliography 422
  • David Walker (1785-1830) 424
  • Bibliography 427
  • Eric Walrond (1898-1966) 429
  • Bibliography 436
  • Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) 440
  • Bibliography 446
  • Frank Webb (?-) 448
  • Bibliography 454
  • Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862-1931) 455
  • Bibliography 459
  • Phillis Wheatley (1754-1784) 463
  • Bibliography 467
  • Walter White (1893-1955) 469
  • Bibliography 472
  • James Monroe Whitfield (1822-1871) 474
  • Bibliography 478
  • Albery Allson Whitman (1851-1901) 479
  • Bibliography 481
  • Harriet E. Wilson (1827?-1863) 483
  • Bibliography 486
  • Richard Wright (1908-1960) 488
  • Bibliography 505
  • Zara Wright (?-) 508
  • Bibliography 511
  • Selected Bibliography 513
  • Index 515
  • About the Editor and Contributors 521
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 528

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.