African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook

By Emmanuel S. Nelson | Go to book overview

GEORGIA DOUGLAS JOHNSON (1880?-1966)

Gwendolyn S. Jones


BIOGRAPHY

Biographers disagree on the birth date of Georgia Blanche Douglas Camp: the most frequently quoted date is September 10, 1886, but the best documented date is September 10, 1880. A discrepancy also exists in the reporting of her place of birth, with both Rome and Atlanta, Georgia, being listed. She received her early education in public and private schools in Rome and in Atlanta. Ann Shockley reports that Johnson completed the Normal School at Atlanta University in 1893; Gloria Hull reports 1896. She taught herself violin while at Atlanta University, then later studied violin, piano, and composition at Oberlin Conservatory of Music. In her later years, she also studied at Howard University.

Georgia Douglas Johnson and her husband, Henry Lincoln Johnson, and their two sons moved to Washington, D.C., in 1910 and enjoyed a prestigious social and political life. She was a leader or a participant in many organizations. In addition to writing stories and poems and composing songs, Johnson taught music and was church organist. Following her husband's death in 1925, she was free to write and travel, but it was also necessary for her to work to support her sons. Johnson held such jobs as substitute teacher, librarian, file clerk, then later in her life, immigrant inspector in the Department of Labor and labor inspector.

Although Harlem was its central location, Washington, D.C., was a mecca for the New Negro Renaissance. Beginning in 1920, Johnson was host to the Saturday Nighter's Club at her home, for the benefit of the younger and the established writers and other artists. Johnson's literary salon provided a place to rest, to share ideas, and to discuss projects. Young writers, including Countee Cullen,* Bruce Nugent,* Zora Neale Hurston,* and Langston Hughes,* mingled with the older generation of writers, which included W.E.B. Du Bois, Alain Locke,* and

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African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xiii
  • Elizabeth Laura Adams (1909-) 1
  • Bibliography 4
  • Octavia Victoria Rogers Albert (1853-1890 ) 6
  • Bibliography 12
  • James Madison Bell (1826-1902) 13
  • Bibliography 16
  • Gwendolyn Bennett (1902-1981) 18
  • Henry Walton Bibb (1815-1854) 24
  • Marita Bonner (1898-1971) 30
  • Bibliography 34
  • Arna Bontemps (1902-1973) 36
  • Bibliography 40
  • William Stanley Braithwaite (1878-1962) 44
  • Bibliography 48
  • Claude Brown (1937- ) 50
  • Bibliography 56
  • Sterling A. Brown (1901-1989) 57
  • Bibliography 62
  • William Wells Brown (1814-1884) 64
  • Bibliography 69
  • Charles Waddell Chesnutt (1858-1932) 73
  • Bibliography 77
  • Anna Julia Cooper (1858?-1964) 80
  • Bibliography 85
  • Countee Cullen (1903-1946) 88
  • Bibliography 96
  • Lucy A. Delaney (c. 1828-19?) 98
  • Bibliography 100
  • Martin Robinson Delany (1812-1885) 101
  • Bibliography 105
  • Frederick Douglass (1818-1895) 108
  • Bibliography 118
  • W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963) 121
  • Bibliography 129
  • Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906) 132
  • Bibliography 136
  • Alice Moore Dunbar- Nelson (1875-1935) 139
  • Bibliography 142
  • Olaudah Equiano (1745-1797) 147
  • Bibliography 153
  • Jessie Redmon Fauset (1882-1961) 155
  • Bibliography 159
  • Rudolph Fisher (1897-1934) 161
  • Bibliography 167
  • Sarah Lee Brown Fleming (1876-1963) 170
  • Bibliography 174
  • Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. (1887-1940) 175
  • Edythe Mae Gordon (c. 1898-) 184
  • Sutton E. Griggs (1872-1933) 188
  • Bibliography 192
  • Angelina Weld Grimké (1880-1958) 194
  • Bibliography 197
  • Charlotte Lottie Forten Grimé (1837-1914) 199
  • Bibliography 203
  • Briton Hammon (Late 1720s-) 205
  • Bibliography 207
  • Jupitor Hammon (1711-1806) 209
  • Bibliography 211
  • Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911) 213
  • Bibliography 218
  • Juanita Harrison (1891-) 220
  • Bibliography 223
  • George Wylie Henderson (1904-1965) 224
  • Bibliography 228
  • Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins (1859-1930) 231
  • Bibliography 235
  • George Moses Horton (1797-1883) 239
  • James H. W. Howard (1856-) 244
  • Bibliography 248
  • Langston Hughes (1902-1967) 249
  • Bibliography 256
  • Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960) 259
  • Bibliography 265
  • Rebecca Cox Jackson (1795-1871) 270
  • Bibliography 273
  • Harriet Ann Jacobs (c. 1813-1897) 275
  • Bibliography 279
  • Amelia E. Johnson (1858-1922) 280
  • Bibliography 283
  • Georgia Douglas Johnson (18807-1966) 284
  • Bibliography 287
  • Helene Johnson (1906-1995) 290
  • Bibliography 295
  • James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938) 297
  • Bibliography 303
  • Elizabeth Keckley (1818/1819-1907) 306
  • Bibliography 309
  • Emma Dunham Kelley-Hawkins (?-) 311
  • Bibliography 315
  • Nella Larsen (1891-1964) 316
  • Bibliography 321
  • Jarena Lee (1783-) 324
  • Bibliography 327
  • Alain Locke (1886-1954) 329
  • Bibliography 332
  • John Marrant (1755-1791) 334
  • Bibliography 337
  • Claude McKay (1889-1948) 338
  • Bibliography 346
  • Richard Bruce Nugent (1906-1987) 349
  • Bibliography 351
  • Eliza C. Potter (1820-) 353
  • Bibliography 355
  • Mary Prince (c. 1788-) 357
  • Bibliography 360
  • Nancy Prince (1799-c. 1856) 361
  • Bibliography 364
  • Henrietta Cordelia Ray (c.1849-1916) 366
  • Bibliography 369
  • Mary Seacole (1805-1881) 371
  • Bibliography 374
  • Maria W. Stewart (1803-1879) 375
  • Bibliography 378
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) 379
  • Bibliography 382
  • Lucy Terry (c. 1730-1821) 384
  • Bibliography 385
  • Wallace Thurman (1902-1934) 387
  • Bibliography 392
  • Katherine Davis Chapman Tillman (1870-) 396
  • Bibliography 398
  • Melvin Beaunorus Tolson (1898-1966) 400
  • Bibliography 406
  • Eugene (Jean) Pinchback Toomer (1894-1967) 408
  • Bibliography 415
  • Sojourner Truth (1797, 1800?-1883) 418
  • Bibliography 422
  • David Walker (1785-1830) 424
  • Bibliography 427
  • Eric Walrond (1898-1966) 429
  • Bibliography 436
  • Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) 440
  • Bibliography 446
  • Frank Webb (?-) 448
  • Bibliography 454
  • Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862-1931) 455
  • Bibliography 459
  • Phillis Wheatley (1754-1784) 463
  • Bibliography 467
  • Walter White (1893-1955) 469
  • Bibliography 472
  • James Monroe Whitfield (1822-1871) 474
  • Bibliography 478
  • Albery Allson Whitman (1851-1901) 479
  • Bibliography 481
  • Harriet E. Wilson (1827?-1863) 483
  • Bibliography 486
  • Richard Wright (1908-1960) 488
  • Bibliography 505
  • Zara Wright (?-) 508
  • Bibliography 511
  • Selected Bibliography 513
  • Index 515
  • About the Editor and Contributors 521
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