African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook

By Emmanuel S. Nelson | Go to book overview

"one of the truly avant-garde experiments of the Harlem Renaissance" (189). Lewis joins Bone in ranking some of the stories "among the fine Gothic tales of early twentieth-century American literature" (190). Walrond seemed confident "that what he had to say about his own past was . . . universally meaningful to the condition of Exiled America" (190).

In 1970 Kenneth Ramchand pointed a different direction for Walrond studies. He declares Tropic Death"one of the startling treasures in the lost literature of the West Indies" (67). Enid E. Bogle picks up this overlooked trail in 1986: Tropic Death's focus on "Black people outside of the United States" and the "venomous experiences . . . inescapable to those who migrate" adds "a new dimension to the writings of the Harlem Renaissance" (481). Walrond's depictions of "the disillusions and aspirations and human interactions of the Caribbean people" in migration speak to "the plight of [all] Black people" (480, 481). Even so, Tropic Death is now out of print.

"Recent critics have had relatively little to say about his writing, and even less about his life . . ." ( "Eric Walrond" 1195). Louis J. Parascandola substantially redresses these problems in "Winds Can Wake Up the Dead" ( 1998), making accessible a selection of Walrond's best work in several genres spanning four decades, including seven stories from Tropic Death. For Parascandola, Tropic Death holds a "unique place in Black literature" for representing the "Pan-African element of the Harlem Renaissance" (25). Walrond's dominant themes--"migration, discrimination, and racial pride--are still relevant to today's readers" (11). A core problem obstructing Walrond's reclamation is "the difficulty of categorizing him" ( Parascandola37). His multinational, "multifaceted literary output over several decades" confounds "nationalist criteria used to construct African American and Caribbean literary canons" (37). Walrond's work should be examined as Caribbean literature and as world literature enunciating the global condition of "homelessness" ( Parascandola37). May Parascandola's reader indeed blow "winds" strong enough to "wake up the dead."


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Works by Eric Walrond

Books

Tropic Death. New York: Boni and Liveright, 1926; reprinted, New York: Collier- Macmillan, 1972.

(Ed. with Rosey E. Pool). Black and Unknown Bards: A Collection of Negro Poetry. Aldington, England: Hand and Flower Press, 1958.

"Winds Can Wake Up the Dead": An Eric Walrond Reader. Ed. Louis J. Parascandola. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1998.


Short Fiction

"A Senator's Memoirs." Negro World 17 ( December 1921): 6.

"On Being Black." New Republic 1 ( November 1922): 244-46.

-436-

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African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xiii
  • Elizabeth Laura Adams (1909-) 1
  • Bibliography 4
  • Octavia Victoria Rogers Albert (1853-1890 ) 6
  • Bibliography 12
  • James Madison Bell (1826-1902) 13
  • Bibliography 16
  • Gwendolyn Bennett (1902-1981) 18
  • Henry Walton Bibb (1815-1854) 24
  • Marita Bonner (1898-1971) 30
  • Bibliography 34
  • Arna Bontemps (1902-1973) 36
  • Bibliography 40
  • William Stanley Braithwaite (1878-1962) 44
  • Bibliography 48
  • Claude Brown (1937- ) 50
  • Bibliography 56
  • Sterling A. Brown (1901-1989) 57
  • Bibliography 62
  • William Wells Brown (1814-1884) 64
  • Bibliography 69
  • Charles Waddell Chesnutt (1858-1932) 73
  • Bibliography 77
  • Anna Julia Cooper (1858?-1964) 80
  • Bibliography 85
  • Countee Cullen (1903-1946) 88
  • Bibliography 96
  • Lucy A. Delaney (c. 1828-19?) 98
  • Bibliography 100
  • Martin Robinson Delany (1812-1885) 101
  • Bibliography 105
  • Frederick Douglass (1818-1895) 108
  • Bibliography 118
  • W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963) 121
  • Bibliography 129
  • Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906) 132
  • Bibliography 136
  • Alice Moore Dunbar- Nelson (1875-1935) 139
  • Bibliography 142
  • Olaudah Equiano (1745-1797) 147
  • Bibliography 153
  • Jessie Redmon Fauset (1882-1961) 155
  • Bibliography 159
  • Rudolph Fisher (1897-1934) 161
  • Bibliography 167
  • Sarah Lee Brown Fleming (1876-1963) 170
  • Bibliography 174
  • Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. (1887-1940) 175
  • Edythe Mae Gordon (c. 1898-) 184
  • Sutton E. Griggs (1872-1933) 188
  • Bibliography 192
  • Angelina Weld Grimké (1880-1958) 194
  • Bibliography 197
  • Charlotte Lottie Forten Grimé (1837-1914) 199
  • Bibliography 203
  • Briton Hammon (Late 1720s-) 205
  • Bibliography 207
  • Jupitor Hammon (1711-1806) 209
  • Bibliography 211
  • Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911) 213
  • Bibliography 218
  • Juanita Harrison (1891-) 220
  • Bibliography 223
  • George Wylie Henderson (1904-1965) 224
  • Bibliography 228
  • Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins (1859-1930) 231
  • Bibliography 235
  • George Moses Horton (1797-1883) 239
  • James H. W. Howard (1856-) 244
  • Bibliography 248
  • Langston Hughes (1902-1967) 249
  • Bibliography 256
  • Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960) 259
  • Bibliography 265
  • Rebecca Cox Jackson (1795-1871) 270
  • Bibliography 273
  • Harriet Ann Jacobs (c. 1813-1897) 275
  • Bibliography 279
  • Amelia E. Johnson (1858-1922) 280
  • Bibliography 283
  • Georgia Douglas Johnson (18807-1966) 284
  • Bibliography 287
  • Helene Johnson (1906-1995) 290
  • Bibliography 295
  • James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938) 297
  • Bibliography 303
  • Elizabeth Keckley (1818/1819-1907) 306
  • Bibliography 309
  • Emma Dunham Kelley-Hawkins (?-) 311
  • Bibliography 315
  • Nella Larsen (1891-1964) 316
  • Bibliography 321
  • Jarena Lee (1783-) 324
  • Bibliography 327
  • Alain Locke (1886-1954) 329
  • Bibliography 332
  • John Marrant (1755-1791) 334
  • Bibliography 337
  • Claude McKay (1889-1948) 338
  • Bibliography 346
  • Richard Bruce Nugent (1906-1987) 349
  • Bibliography 351
  • Eliza C. Potter (1820-) 353
  • Bibliography 355
  • Mary Prince (c. 1788-) 357
  • Bibliography 360
  • Nancy Prince (1799-c. 1856) 361
  • Bibliography 364
  • Henrietta Cordelia Ray (c.1849-1916) 366
  • Bibliography 369
  • Mary Seacole (1805-1881) 371
  • Bibliography 374
  • Maria W. Stewart (1803-1879) 375
  • Bibliography 378
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) 379
  • Bibliography 382
  • Lucy Terry (c. 1730-1821) 384
  • Bibliography 385
  • Wallace Thurman (1902-1934) 387
  • Bibliography 392
  • Katherine Davis Chapman Tillman (1870-) 396
  • Bibliography 398
  • Melvin Beaunorus Tolson (1898-1966) 400
  • Bibliography 406
  • Eugene (Jean) Pinchback Toomer (1894-1967) 408
  • Bibliography 415
  • Sojourner Truth (1797, 1800?-1883) 418
  • Bibliography 422
  • David Walker (1785-1830) 424
  • Bibliography 427
  • Eric Walrond (1898-1966) 429
  • Bibliography 436
  • Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) 440
  • Bibliography 446
  • Frank Webb (?-) 448
  • Bibliography 454
  • Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862-1931) 455
  • Bibliography 459
  • Phillis Wheatley (1754-1784) 463
  • Bibliography 467
  • Walter White (1893-1955) 469
  • Bibliography 472
  • James Monroe Whitfield (1822-1871) 474
  • Bibliography 478
  • Albery Allson Whitman (1851-1901) 479
  • Bibliography 481
  • Harriet E. Wilson (1827?-1863) 483
  • Bibliography 486
  • Richard Wright (1908-1960) 488
  • Bibliography 505
  • Zara Wright (?-) 508
  • Bibliography 511
  • Selected Bibliography 513
  • Index 515
  • About the Editor and Contributors 521
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