Atypical Cognitive Deficits in Developmental Disorders: Implications for Brain Function

By Sarah H. Broman; Jordan Grafman | Go to book overview

In summary, the gross morphology of the brain, as visualized with MRI, reveals little evidence for lesions to which the reduced mental capacities of children with WS and DS could be attributed. Instead, differing patterns of brain growth are observed, resulting in differing profiles of brain structural volumes. Further research will be needed to determine the nature of the neurodevelopmental processes that give rise to these differing profiles.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The work described in this chapter was supported by funds from the Medical Research Service of the Department of Veterans Affairs to Dr. Terry Jernigan, by the NINDS Multidisciplinary Research Center for the Study of the Neurological Basis of Language, Learning, and Behavior Disorders in Children, Grant NS22343, and by NICHD 26022 to Dr. Ursula Bellugi.

The authors are grateful to Drs. Paul P. Wang and William C. Heindel for helpful discussions.


REFERENCES

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Bellugi U. ( 1991). "Language and cognition: What the hands reveal about the brain". Presidential Special Lecture, Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 17(Parts 1 & 2), xii.

Bellugi U., Bihrle A., Jernigan T., Trauner D., & Doherty S. ( 1990). "Neuropsychological, neurological, and neuroanatomical profile of Williams syndrome". American Journal of Medical Genetics Supplement, 6, 115-125.

Bellugi U., Bihrle A. M., Marks S., Jernigan T., & Culler F. ( 1987). "Neuropsychological and neurobiological account of a disorder". Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 13, 654.

Bellugi U., Bihrle A., Neville H., Jernigan T., & Doherty S. ( 1992). "Language, cognition and brain organization in a neurodevelopmental disorder". In M. Gunnar & C. Nelson (Eds.), Developmental behavioral neuroscience (pp. 201-232). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Bellugi U., Sabo H., & Vaid J. ( 1988). "Spatial deficits in children with Williams syndrome". In J. Stiles-Davis, M. Kritchevsky, & U. Bellugi (Eds.), Spatial cognition: Bruin bases and development (pp. 273-298). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Benda C. E. ( 1971). "Mongolism". In J. Minckler (Ed.), Pathology of the nervous system (Vol. 2, pp. 1361- 1371). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Bihrle A. M. ( 1990). Visuospatial in Williams and Down syndrome. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California and San Diego State University, San Diego.

Bihrle A. M., Bellugi U., Delis D., & Marks S. ( 1989). "Seeing either the forest or the trees: Dissociation in visuospatial processing". Brain and Cognition, 11, 37-49.

Coyle J. T., Oster-Granite M. L., & Gearhart J. D. ( 1986). "The neurobiologic consequences of Down syndrome". Brain Research Bulletin, 16, 773-787.

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Culler F. L., Jones K. L., & Deftos L. J. ( 1985). "Impaired calcitonin secretion in patients with Williams Syndrome". Journal of Pediatrics, 107, 720-723.

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