Atypical Cognitive Deficits in Developmental Disorders: Implications for Brain Function

By Sarah H. Broman; Jordan Grafman | Go to book overview

with a different understanding of the information processing required for social behavior, appears to have productive possibilities for understanding the nature of autism.


CONCLUSION

The behavioral syndrome of autism remains a puzzle. In the last section of the present chapter I have argued for new thinking in two opposing directions. In one direction is the recommendation for a methodological shift to the detailed exploration of the possibility of very small groups within the autistic spectrum. In the other direction is the application of a new neurofunctional model that may provide an explanation for some of the behavioral heterogeneity and neural deficits found in association with the spectrum. Although these are opposing stances, nonetheless both may be helpful in working to solve the puzzle of autism.


REFERENCES

American Psychiatric Association. ( 1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders ( 3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

American Psychiatric Association. ( 1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders ( 3rd ed., rev.). Washington, DC: Author.

Baron-Cohen S. ( 1991). "Do people with autism understand what causes emotion?" Child Development, 62, 385-395.

Bauman M. L. ( 1991). "Microscopic neuroanatomic abnormalities in autism". Pediatrics, 87, (Suppl. 5), 791-796.

Black I. B. ( 1991). Information in the brain: A molecular perspective. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Boucher J., & Warrington E. K. ( 1976). "Memory deficits in early infantile autism". British Journal of Psychology, 67, 73-87.

Coleman M. ( 1976). The autistic syndromes. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Elsevier.

Coleman M. ( 1987). "The search for neurological subgroups in autism". In E. Schopler & G. Mesibov (Eds.), Neurobiological issues in autism (pp. -). New York: Plenum.

Coleman M. & Gillberg C. ( 1985). The biology of the autistic syndrome. New York: Praeger.

Courchesne E. ( 1991). "Neuroanatomic imaging in autism". Pediatrics, 87 (Suppl. 5), 781-790.

Damasio A. ( 1990). "Time-locked multiregional retroactivation: A systems-level proposal for the neural substrates of recall and recognition". In P. Eimas & A. Galaburda (Eds.), Neurobiology of cognition (pp. 25-62). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Dawson G. ( 1987). "The role of abnormal hemispheric specialization in autism". In E. Schopler & G. Mesibov (Eds.), Neurobiological issues in autism. (pp. 213-228). New York: Plenum.

Fein D., Pennington B., & Waterhouse L. ( 1987). "Implications of social deficits in autism for neurological dysfunction". In E. Schopler & G. Mesibov (Eds.), Neurobiological issues in autism (pp. 127-144). New York: Plenum.

Fein D., Wainwright L., Morris R., Waterhouse L., Allen D., Aram D., Wilson B., & Rapin I. ( 1991, February). Symbolic play development in austistic and language disordered children. Paper presented at the meeting of the International Neurological Society, San Antonio.

Folstein S., & Piven J. ( 1991). "The etiology of autism: Genetic influences". Pediatrics, 87 (Suppl. 5). 767-775.

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