War Crimes Law Comes of Age: Essays

By Theodor Meron | Go to book overview

V
Francis Lieber's Code and Principles of Humanity*

Born in Berlin in 1800, Francis Lieber fought against the French in Ligny (close to Waterloo) and was wounded at Namur as a youth of fifteen. Associated with the German liberal movement, Lieber soon encountered difficulties with the Prussian police and went to Greece, where he became involved in the resistance against Turkey. He returned to Berlin in 1823, after a few years in Rome, where he gained the friendship and protection of the Prussian Minister to Rome, the distinguished historian Barthold Georg Niebuhr. As Lieber's difficulties with the authorities continued, he left for London in 1826 and from there went to Boston in 1827. In 1835, he became Professor of History and Political Science at South Carolina College, and, in 1857, was appointed by Columbia College as Professor of History and Political Science. He continued to be associated with Columbia until his death in 1872.1

In 1881, two volumes of Lieber's miscellaneous writings were published by the J. B. Lippincott publishing house of Philadelphia. The first volume contains primarily personal reminiscences, academic discourses,

____________________
*
I acknowledge with thanks the thoughtful help of my research assistant Laurie Rosensweig.
1
See generally Opening Address by Elihu Root at the Seventh Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law ( Apr. 24, 1913), reprinted in 7 AM. J. INT'L L.453 ( 1913) [hereinafter Opening Address by Elihu Root]; George D. Haimbaugh Jr., Introduction to Panel II: Humanitarian Law: The Lincoln-Lieber Initiative, 13 GA. J. INT'L & Comp. L.245 ( 1983); R. R. Baxter , The First Modern Codification of the Law of War -- Francis Lieber and General Orders No. 100, 3 INT'L. REV. RED CROSS171 ( 1963) [hereinafter Baxter I]; R. R. Baxter, The First Modern Codification of the Law of War -- Francis Lieber and General Orders No. 100 (II), 3 INT'L. REV. CROSS 234 ( 1963) [hereinafter Baxter II]; George B. Davis, Doctor Francis Lieber's Instructions for the Government of Armies in the Field, 1 AM. J. INT'L L. 13 ( 1907); Ernest Nys, Francis Lieber's -- His Life and His Work, 5 AM. J. INT'L L.355 ( 1911); Michael Harris Hoffman, The Customary Law of Non- international Armed Conflict: Evidence from the United States Civil War, 30 INT'L. REV. RED CROSS 322 (No. 277, July-August 1990).

-131-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
War Crimes Law Comes of Age: Essays
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 344

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.