Other questions may be asked, for example, of Western corporations that seem anxious to co-operate with the Japanese. Are they really interested in long-term collaboration in the development of leading edge technologies, or is it their hope that token research collaboration with the Japanese can open the door to short term cartel-like restrictions on international trade? Do Western collaborators really hope to learn something of a co-operative ethic, and perhaps even a new system of values, from the Japanese, or are they merely interested in co-operation as a mask to disguise the replacement of competition by collusion?
There do not seem to be any easy answers to these questions. More empirical evidence is required. It is hoped that the analysis presented here affords a framework within which such evidence can be interpreted. So far, it is possible only to clarify the questions, but eventually it should be possible to answer them.
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