The Road from Rio: Sustainable Development and the Nongovernmental Movement in the Third World

By Julie Fisher | Go to book overview

Exhibit 3.5
A Brazilian Neighborhood Movement

The Nova Iguacu neighborhood movement in Brazil represented 120 neighborhood associations by 1985. Yet the 6,000 people who attended meetings represented only 3 percent of the population of the neighborhoods, and the government did not respond to the movement's demands. The exhausting nature of daily survival makes it difficult for people to get to meetings, even if they can afford the bus fare.". . . The changes which have occurred are generally subtle and fragile. In this sense, many analyses of grassroots movements have erred on the side of exaggerating the novelty, strength, and autonomy of grassroots popular movements." 67

working can also take up valuable time and resources. Very rapid growth can lead to feuding and mistrust. This happened in Senegal between 1976 and 1984, as some small federations acquired as many as 300 member GROs within a few years. 68
10. The process of federation should be gradual enough for members to be able to learn from each other as well as from outsiders. Also important is the need to train a second generation of leaders. Without this training, there is a danger that the creative, committed process now occurring in the Third World will lose momentum.

The terrible conditions, economic constraints, and sheer fatigue under which most people live have fueled grassroots networking, but they can also weigh it down, as a study of a Brazilian neighborhood federation summarized in Exhibit 3.5 shows.

Although there is an enormous amount of development activity and institution building bubbling up from below, the right mix and quality of outside technical assistance and self-reliance is not easy to determine. And even self-reliance may degenerate into self-serving behavior. One large Senegalese peasant federation is already "generating bureaucrats" according to Pradervand ( 1990:171). The content of what should be expanded remains a serious question, as yet only partially answered. What is undeniable, however, is that there is now sufficiently varied and innovative evidence that GRO networks are a cohesive and powerful mechanism for scaling out. They are in the forefront of understanding the connections between poverty and environmental degradation if not yet the population issue.


NOTES
1.
Lecomte, 1986, p. 21.
2.
Segmentary lineage systems may account for the ease with which a farmer's network among the Tiv in Nigeria has spread.

-72-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Road from Rio: Sustainable Development and the Nongovernmental Movement in the Third World
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface xi
  • Note xiv
  • Selected Acronyms xv
  • 1 - The Politics of Development 1
  • Notes 18
  • 2 - Grassroots Organizations (gros) 21
  • Notes 51
  • 3 - Gro Networks 57
  • Notes 72
  • 4 - Grassroots Support Organizations (grsos) 75
  • Notes 113
  • 5 - Poverty, Environmental Degradation, and Population Growth: The Role of Grsos 117
  • Notes 135
  • 6 - Grso Networks 139
  • Notes 159
  • 7 - What Works: Assessing the Performance of Gros and Grsos 163
  • Notes 183
  • 8 - Gro-Grso Linkages 187
  • Notes 211
  • Glossary 215
  • Bibliography 217
  • Index 243
  • About the Author 265
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 266

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.