Both men and women see identity as couched in a need to be a part of a unique historical experience, a tie to a people and a past with a particular culture. Religion plays a lesser part in this understanding of Jewish identity than do culture and history. The Holocaust, while certainly a part of Jewish identity, is best seen as a part of political identities whereby social justice is directed toward others as much as other Jews, if not more so. Gender differences are clearest in the ways in which each sex narrates their understanding of identity and the consequences of "unique" and "different" and the way in which women deal with being female in a society that still maintains stereotypical views of them and in an ethnic religious community that is still prototypically male.
Connolly William E. 1991. Identity/Difference. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Feingold Henry. 1991. "The American Component of American Jewish Identity." Pp. 69-81 in David M. Gordis and Yav Ben-Horin (eds.), Jewish Identity in America. Los Angeles: Susan and David Wilstein Institute of Jewish Policy Studies, University of Judaism.
Kaufman Debra Renee. 1991. Rachel's Daughters. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Meyers Michael. 1990. Jewish Identity in the Modern World. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Seidler-Feller Chaim. 1991. "Responses." Pp. 61-65 in David M. Gordis and Yav Ben-Horin (eds.), Jewish Identity in America. Los Angeles: Susan and David Wilstein Institute of Jewish Policy Studies, University of Judaism.
Silberstein Laurence J. 1994. "Others Within and Others Without: Rethinking Jewish Identity and Culture." Pp. 1-34 in Laurence J. Silberstein and Robert L. Cohn (eds.), The Other in Jewish Thought and History. New York: New York University Press.