Religion in a Changing World: Comparative Studies in Sociology

By Madeleine Cousineau | Go to book overview

of priests' and deacons' roles in liturgy, more focus on diocesan ministry, and more stringent qualifications for preaching ( Rice 1997). However, changes of this sort are not likely to be made until church leaders and lay people reach some level of mutual accommodation regarding a position that was born in controversy and is inherently fraught with role conflict and ambiguity.


NOTES
1.
There is an important difference between the "permanent diaconate" we examine in this chapter and the "transitional diaconate," which is a short-term status through which seminarians pass on the road to ordination as priests ( Cunningham 1987; Olson 1992).
2.
Hoge ( 1987:194) reports that 144 of 185 dioceses had diaconate programs in the mid- 1980s. In its 1996 study, the NCCB got responses from 127 dioceses. More recent evidence from CARA indicates that only 127 dioceses have active diaconate formation programs. Only 104 of them "submitted reports of students enrolled during 1996-97, thirteen others are between training cycles or reorganizing and therefore have no students presently enrolled, and fourteen did not submit information for analysis" ( CARA 1977:7).

REFERENCES

Abbott William M. 1966. The Documents of Vatican II. New York: Corpus Books.

CARA. 1997. "More Than 2,100 Prepare for Permanent Diaconate." The CARA Report. Spring: 7.

Cunningham Agnes. 1987. "Deacon." Pp. 268-270 in Joseph Komonchack, Mary Collins, and Dermot Lane (eds.), The New Dictionary of Theology. Wilmington, DE: Michael Glazier.

D'Antonio William V., James D. Davidson, Dean R. Hoge, and Ruth A. Wallace. 1996. Laity: American and Catholic. Kansas City, MO: Sheed and Ward.

Fichter Joseph. 1992. Wives of Catholic Clergy. Kansas City, MO: Sheed and Ward.

Flannery Austin. 1992. Vatican Council II: The Conciliar and Post Conciliar Documents, Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press.

Gaine Michael. 1991. "The State of the Priesthood." Pp. 246-255 in Adrian Hastings (ed.), Modern Catholicism: Vatican II and After. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hemrick Eugene, and Joseph Shields. 1981. A National Study of the Permanent Diaconate in the United States. Washington, DC: United States Catholic Conference.

Hoge Dean R. 1987. The Future of Catholic Leadership: Responses to the Priest Shortage. Kansas City, MO: Sheed and Ward.

Kahn Robert L., Donald M. Wolfe, Robert P. Quinn, J. Diedrick Snoek and Robert A. Rosenthal . 1964. Organizational Stress: Studies in Role Conflict and Ambiguity. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB). 1996. A National Study on the Permanent Diaconate of the Catholic Church in the United States, 1994-1995. Washington, DC: United States Catholic Conference.

Official Catholic Directory, 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997. New Providence, NJ: P. J. Kenedy.

Olson Jeannine E. 1992. One Ministry, Many Roles: Deacons and Deaconesses through the Centuries. St. Louis: Concordia.

Pistone John. 1997. "Among Brothers." Deacon Digest, March/April:7-8.

-97-

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