political party, the "Geniocracy," that proposes a world government based on a meritocracy--the rule of intelligent scientists and creative artists--after national boundaries, money, and the inheritance of property have been dispensed with.
This movement may well provide a model for the shape of successful NRMs in the future. In a society that produces buzzwords like "multiculturalism," "visible minorities," and "multiethnic," the Raelians' passionate assault on "religious racism" may defuse many of the popular stereotypes concerning "cults." Bristling with a militant tolerance, the Raelians almost parody political correctness.
Rael offers spiritual--or at least extraterrestrial--solutions to contemporary crises: the nuclear threat, environmental pollution, overpopulation, and the rights of women and homosexuals. He obliquely addresses the important issue of racial equality through a refreshingly "out-of-this-world" myth of seven alien races who created homo sapiens out of their own DNA (the blue and green ones died out).
Responding to a popular decline in science-as-faith, offering ultimate solutions to human suffering, the Raelians propose a renewed, fundamentalist faith in the omnipotence of science to disclose the mysteries of the universe. Finally, their aim is to unite the diverse cultures of postindustrial societies--with civilizations from other galaxies.
Ares Richard. 1981. "Les partis politiques--les églises." P. 294 in Fernand Dumont (ed.), Ideologies au Canada français 1940-1976, vol. 3. Québec: Les presses de l'Université Laval.
Bibby Reginald W. 1987. Fragmented Gods: The Poverty and Potential of Religion in Canada. Richmond Hill, Ont.: Irwin.
Bozeman John. 1994. "Success and Failure within Religious Movements." Paper written for SOC-852, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.
Rael. 1978. Let's Welcome Our Fathers from Space: They Created Humanity in Their Laboratories. Tokyo: AOM Corporation.
-----. 1992. Le racisme religieux financé par le gouvernement socialiste: halte à la violation des droits de l'homme en France. Geneva, Switzerland: La Fondation Raelienne.
Stark Rodney. 1987. "How New Religions Succeed: A Theoretical Model." Pp. 11-29 in David G. Bromley and Philip E. Hammond (eds.), The Future of New Religious Movements. Macon, GA: Mercer University.
Wright Stuart A. 1994. "The Family: Movement Adaptation and Survival in an NRM." Paper presented at the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, Albuquerque, NM.