seek to find places and ways to express their spirituality free of male domination ( Wynack 1996).
These efforts are greatly facilitated by increased global travel and communication. Pilgrims have long been the agents of cultural diffusion as they go to the sacred places of their religion and encounter others who do things differently, who have variant beliefs, or who wish to learn. Moreover, on their way these pilgrims encounter other cultures whether they go to Mecca, the Ganges, St. James de Compostella, the Vatican, Lourdes, Sedona, Uluru, or just to the next city. Given this it is very likely that Australia's religious life will continue to increase in diversity through cultural diffusion. It may even make a novel contribution.
I wish to thank James T. Richardson for carefully reading and commenting on this chapter and for his suggested inclusions.
Beckford James. 1985. Cult Controversies: The Social Response to New Religious Movements. London: Tavistock.
Bouma Gary D. 1992. Religion: Meaning, Transcendence and Community in Australia. Melbourne: Longman Cheshire.
-----. 1997a. "The Religious Settlement of Islam in Australia." Social Compass 44(1):71-82.
-----. 1997b. "Increasing Diversity in Religious Identification in Australia: Comparing 1947, 1991 and 1996 Census Reports." People and Place 5(3):12-18.
----- (ed.). 1997c. Many Religions, All Australian: Religious Settlement, Identity and Cultural Diversity. Melbourne: Christian Research Association.
Bouma Gary D., Wendy Smith, and Shiva Vasi. 1998. "Japanese Religions in Australia: Mahikari and Zen in a Multicultural Society." In Peter Clarke (ed.), Japanese New Religions in the World. London: Curzon Press.
Carey Hilary M. 1996. Believing in Australia: A Cultural History of Religions. Sydney: Allen and Unwin.
Hughes Philip. 1998. Religion in Australia: Facts and Figures. Melbourne: Christian Research Association.
Hume Lynne. 1997. Witchcraft and Paganism in Australia. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.
Kohn Rachael. 1997. "Cults and the New Age in Australia." Pp. 149-162 in Gary D. Bouma ((ed.), Many Religions, All Australian: Religious Settlement, Identity and Cultural Diversity. Melbourne: Christian Research Association.
New South Wales Anti-Discrimination Board. 1984. Discrimination and Religious Conviction. Sydney: NSW Anti-Discrimination Board.
Richardson James T. 1994. "Update on 'The Family': Organizational Change and Development in a Controversial New Religious Group." Pp. 27-40 in James R. Lewis and J. Gordon Melton (eds.), Sex, Slander, and Salvation: Investigating The Family/Children of God. Stanford, CA: Center for Academic Publication.
-----. 1996. "Journalistic Bias toward New Religious Movements in Australia." Journal of Contemporary Religion 11:289-302.