Problems and Prospects for Nuclear Waste Disposal Policy

By Eric B. Herzik; Alvin H. Mushkatel | Go to book overview
State and the Savannah River Site in South Carolina, along with uranium processing at the Feed Materials Production Center in Ohio and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory; (3) warhead component production at the Rocky Flats Plant in Colorado, the Y-12 Plant in Tennessee, the Mound Plant in Ohio, the Pinellas Plant in Florida, the Kansas City Plant in Missouri, and the Pantex Plant in Texas for final assembly; and (4) warhead testing at the Nevada Test Site.
2.
See James Wilson ( 1989:244-251, 246n) discussion of these and other problems. Agencies also often tie unpopular decisions to popular ones (the Navy's "home porting" scheme created public support for the 600-ship Navy, an otherwise unpopular policy in Congress), short-circuiting the "fire alarm" system. See also Joel Aberbach ( 1987) claim that congressional staff engage in police patrol oversight in order to achieve their own career goals.
3.
Functional representation is defined by James Thurber ( 1991:326) as "the representation of societal functions through governmental institutions [stemming] from the division of labor and development of expertise and specialization in society."
4.
More commonly conflict is seen as dangerous and disruptive; a recent example is the report Beyond Distrust: Building Bridges Between Congress and the Executive ( Washington, DC: National Academy of Public Administration, 1992).
5.
The following history is deeply indebted to works on atomic weapons research and design by Robert Williams and Philip Cantelon ( 1984) and Fred Kaplan ( 1983).
6.
See AEC staff paper 180/5 AEC/NRC ( March 30,1956). During the 1959 radioactive waste hearings, the AEC reaffirmed this position repeatedly ( Mazuzan and Walker, 1984:chap. 12).
7.
Allan Mazur ( 1984) finds evidence that the media have substantially affected public opinion concerning nuclear energy and radioactive waste.
8.
The system is called the Multimedia Environmental Pollutant System (MEPS).
9.
Until the 1980s DOE interpreted the Atomic Energy Act to mean that it was not subject to outside regulation. Several court decisions have held otherwise; see Environmental Assistance Foundation v. Hodel, 586 F.Supp. 1163 ( 1984). And although no court has ruled specifically on the issue of nuclear waste compliance agreements, the courts have consistently ruled in other cases that a lack of funding does not absolve an agency from fulfilling its responsibilities under the law; see Wyatt v. Stickney, 325 F.Supp. 781, 334 F.Supp. 1341 ( 1971) and 344 F.Supp. 373, 344 F.Supp. 387, 503 F2d 1305 ( 1972); and Missouri v. Jenkins, 110 S.Ct. 1651 ( 1989).
10.
State of New Mexico et al. v. Watkins, Civil Action No. 91-2527, 1992 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 981 (Dist. D.C. 1992).

REFERENCES

Aberbach Joel D. 1987. "The Congressional Committee Intelligence System: Information, Oversight, and Change". Congress and the Presidency, 14 (Spring):51-76.

Fenno Richard. 1973. Congressmen in Committee. Boston: Little, Brown.

Fiorina Morris. 1982. "Legislative Choice of Regulatory Forms: Legal Process or Administrative Process?" Public Choice, 39, 1:33-36.

Golden Marissa M. 1992. Exit, Voice, Loyalty and Neglect: Bureaucratic Responses to Presidential Control During the Reagan Administration. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 2 (January):28-62.

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