Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Housing in the United States

By Jamshid A. Momeni | Go to book overview

2
Racial Inequalities in Housing: An Examination of Recent Trends

Suzanne M. Bianchi, Reynolds Farley, and Daphne Spain


Introduction

A major objective of housing legislation since 1949 has been to insure adequate housing for all Americans, regardless of race. The slow progress toward that goal was reflected in the passage of another Fair Housing Act in 1968. More than a decade has passed since then, and there is still evidence that blacks and whites do not have equal access to good housing.

Two types of racial differentiation in the housing market can be identified. First, there is a high level of racial residential segregation in metropolitan areas ( Simkus, 1978; Van Valey, et al., 1977). Blacks are concentrated in central cities while the suburbs remain predominantly white. In 1977, 24 percent of black metropolitan households were in the suburbs, compared with 59 percent of white metropolitan households ( U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1979b).

A second kind of racial differentiation involves the type and quality of housing occupied by blacks and whites. Blacks typically live in lower quality housing than whites, occupy older housing, and are less likely to own their own homes ( Jackman and Jackman, 1980). Not only is initial housing equity difficult for blacks to acquire; it is also more difficult for blacks than whites to recover accumulated equity. Controlling for type of unit, neighborhood, and buyers' characteristics, Lake ( 1981) found that houses sold by blacks command an average of 10 percent less than comparable houses sold by whites.

____________________
Reprinted, with changes, from Demography 19( 1): 37-51 ( February 1982), by permission of the authors and publisher. Copyright 1982 by Demography.

-19-

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Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Housing in the United States
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in Ethnic Studies Series Editor: Leonard W. Doob ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figure and Tables ix
  • Foreword xv
  • Series Foreword xvii
  • Acknowledgments xix
  • Introduction xxi
  • References xxiv
  • 1: A Historical Review of Changes in Public Housing Policies and Their Impacts on Minorities 1
  • Introduction 1
  • Conclusion 14
  • References 15
  • 2: Racial Inequalities in Housing: An Examination of Recent Trends 19
  • Introduction 19
  • Notes 36
  • Acknowledgments 36
  • References 37
  • 3: Racial Inequalities in Home Ownership 39
  • Notes 50
  • References 51
  • 4: Blacks and the American Dream of Housing 53
  • References 65
  • 5: Housing Policy and Suburbanization: An Analysis of the Changing Quality and Quantity of Black Housing in Suburbia since 1950 69
  • Introduction 69
  • Conclusion 83
  • References 85
  • 6: The Housing Conditions of Black Female-headed Households: A Comparative Analysis 89
  • Acknowledgments 107
  • References 108
  • 7: Accessibility to Housing: Differential Residential Segregation for Blacks, Hispanics, American Indians, and Asians 109
  • Introduction 109
  • References 125
  • 8: Su casa no es mi casa: Hispanic Housing Conditions in Contemporary America, 1949- 1980 127
  • Notes 143
  • References 144
  • 9: American Indian Housing: An Overview of Conditions and Public Policy 147
  • Acknowledgments 174
  • References 174
  • 10: Housing Problems of Asian Americans 177
  • References 193
  • 11: Minority Housing Needs and Civil Rights Enforcement 195
  • Introduction 195
  • Conclusions 209
  • Notes 211
  • Acknowledgments 212
  • Selected Bibliography 217
  • Index 221
  • About the Contributors 223
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