Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Housing in the United States

By Jamshid A. Momeni | Go to book overview

4
Blacks and the American Dream of Housing

Robert D. Bullard

The goal of a "decent home for all Americans" became a slogan and model in 1949 from which a general housing policy was to have emerged. The postdepression and post-World War II strategies of the federal government exerted a great deal of influence over the private housing industry through mortgage loan guarantees, tax incentives, and construction financing, to mention a few. Moreover, federal policy shifts over the past thirty-five years have affected housing markets and have contributed to shaping residential areas and the quality of life in the nation's urban centers.

Government intervention into the housing industry has not affected all segments of the population equally. The nation's blacks, for example, have not benefited to the same degree as their white counterparts by the changing opportunity structure. The housing options and opportunities that are available to blacks have been shaped largely by a number of factors which include: (1) federal housing policies, (2) institutional and individual discrimination in housing markets, (3) geographic location and housing construction priorities, and (4) demographic changes that have taken place in the nation's urban areas.

Compared to whites today, the end result of these factors on black households has meant reduced housing choices and limited mobility for a significant segment of the American population.


Federal Housing Policy

Federal housing policies were the chief sponsor of suburban development in the 1950s and 1960s. Much of the current residential housing patterns and problems of segregation can be traced directly to the government's role

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Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Housing in the United States
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in Ethnic Studies Series Editor: Leonard W. Doob ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figure and Tables ix
  • Foreword xv
  • Series Foreword xvii
  • Acknowledgments xix
  • Introduction xxi
  • References xxiv
  • 1: A Historical Review of Changes in Public Housing Policies and Their Impacts on Minorities 1
  • Introduction 1
  • Conclusion 14
  • References 15
  • 2: Racial Inequalities in Housing: An Examination of Recent Trends 19
  • Introduction 19
  • Notes 36
  • Acknowledgments 36
  • References 37
  • 3: Racial Inequalities in Home Ownership 39
  • Notes 50
  • References 51
  • 4: Blacks and the American Dream of Housing 53
  • References 65
  • 5: Housing Policy and Suburbanization: An Analysis of the Changing Quality and Quantity of Black Housing in Suburbia since 1950 69
  • Introduction 69
  • Conclusion 83
  • References 85
  • 6: The Housing Conditions of Black Female-headed Households: A Comparative Analysis 89
  • Acknowledgments 107
  • References 108
  • 7: Accessibility to Housing: Differential Residential Segregation for Blacks, Hispanics, American Indians, and Asians 109
  • Introduction 109
  • References 125
  • 8: Su casa no es mi casa: Hispanic Housing Conditions in Contemporary America, 1949- 1980 127
  • Notes 143
  • References 144
  • 9: American Indian Housing: An Overview of Conditions and Public Policy 147
  • Acknowledgments 174
  • References 174
  • 10: Housing Problems of Asian Americans 177
  • References 193
  • 11: Minority Housing Needs and Civil Rights Enforcement 195
  • Introduction 195
  • Conclusions 209
  • Notes 211
  • Acknowledgments 212
  • Selected Bibliography 217
  • Index 221
  • About the Contributors 223
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