Evaluation Methods for Energy Conservation Programs in the Residential Sector
Eric Monnier, Benedicte Vallet, and Clare Bordenave
Energy conservation programs rarely include a thorough evaluation stage, almost as if the results were known beforehand. However, experience has shown that the success of a program depends both on the interests of the various agencies responsible for its initiation and implementation and also on the specific geographical, social, and economic context in which the program is located. This chapter pre sents a comprehensive evaluation method, the results of which allow adjustments to be made to the program to reach specific population targets and specific objectives. The method includes a two-fold approach: a backward-looking evaluation, in which results are analyzed according to the actual charac teristics of the prograrm, and a forward-looking evaluation, in which the socioeconomic status and other characteristics of each household are iden tified, according to their degree of participation in a program.
Evaluation practices for energy conservation programs vary widely in both number and type from country to country. In the United States and Sweden organizers of programs and the central government often order evaluation reports