Energy, Employment, and Welfare: Process and Policy in Australian Domestic Energy Conservation Programs
Michael Buxton and Clare McGee
This chapter details the status of energy initiatives for low-income groups in Australia. The energy audit and retrofit programs are reviewed in detail in terms of operating models, implementation and service delivery strategies, management, employment, training, funding, research / evaluation, technologies employed, and overall energy policy.
Changing community attitudes and expectations and restructured domestic energy prices in Australia have recently led to concern about the energy requirements of low- income groups in the community, particularly the aged, the unemployed, and other welfare beneficiaries.
The issues of energy conservation, poverty, and the effects of energy policies were linked in Victoria from the early 1970s. The election of a Labor government in 1982 resulted in a range of new policies and programs directed at the relationship between conservation and low-income groups ( Buxton and Crossley 1984). Rebates on energy
The work of Bruce Prosser, Helen Vivian, Andrew Pilawski and other HEAS research team members, has contributed to the research section of this paper.