CHAPTER XXII
JULES BRETON 1827- French School
JEAN FRANC + ̦OIS MILLET 1814-1875 Fontainebleau-Barbizon School of France

HERE are two pictures of peasant subjects, and, as it happens, with similar titles: Jules Breton The Gleaner, and The Gleaners by Jean François Millet .

With what a proud carriage Breton's girl strides through the field! How painfully Millet's women are stooping! Their figures are clumsy, uncouthly clad, and you cannot see their faces. This girl, however, is dressed in a manner that sets off her strong and supple form; her face is handsome and its expression haughtily independent. As the meek women stoop, each carries one of her hands behind her back. If you imitate for yourself the action of leaning down and extending one hand, you will find that the other has an involuntary tendency to go back in order to maintain the balance. This natural tendency of the human body to secure its balance by opposing direction of its parts is a principle that the best artists rely upon to produce a perfect poise of rest or movement in their figures.

Now study the arms in Breton's picture. The left one -- with what a gesture of elegant decision it is placed

-339-

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How to Study Pictures
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • List of Illustrations ix
  • Author's Note xiii
  • I - Introduction 3
  • II - Cimabue -- Giotto 8
  • III - Masaccio -- Mantegna 20
  • IV - Fra Angelico -- Jan Van Eyck 37
  • V - Botticelli -- Memling 52
  • VI - Perogino -- Bellini 68
  • VII - Raphael -- Wolgemuth 85
  • VIII - Da Vinci -- Dürer 109
  • IX - Titian -- Holbein the Younger 125
  • X - Correggio -- Michelangelo 142
  • XI - Veronese -- Tintoretto 159
  • XII - Rubens -- Velasquez 177
  • XIII - Van Dyck -- Frans Hals 195
  • XIV - Rembrandt -- Murillo 209
  • XV - Jacob van Ruisdael -- Poussin 228
  • XVI - Hobbema -- Claude Lorrain 242
  • XVII - Watteau -- Hogarth 255
  • XVIII - Reynolds -- Gainsborough 272
  • XIX - Constable -- Turner 287
  • XX - David -- Delacroix 304
  • XXI - Rousseau -- Corot 322
  • XXII - Breton -- Millet 339
  • XXIII - Courbet -- Boecklin 353
  • XXIV - Rossetti -- Holman Hunt 371
  • XXV - Piloty -- Fortuny 391
  • XXVI - Manet -- Israels 404
  • XXVII - Puvis de Chavannes -- Gérôme 423
  • XXVIII - Whistler -- Sargent 441
  • XXIX - Monet -- Hashimoto Gaho 457
  • Concluding Note 479
  • Parrallel Chronology of Painters Included *
  • A Brief Bibliography of Books On Art Readily Procurable 481
  • Glossary of Terms 484
  • Index 493
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