DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI 1828-1882 Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, England
WILLIAM HOLMAN HUNT 1827- Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, England
IN 1850, the year in which Courbet's Funeral at Ornans aroused the anger of the French critics, London was amused by the appearance of Rossetti's Ecce Ancilla Domini ("Behold the Handmaid of the Lord") and Holman Hunt's A Converted British Family Sheltering a Christian Missionary. It was not only the pictures, but even more the pretensions of their authors that excited ribaldry. A year before, these two young men, Rossetti being then twenty-one and Hunt twenty-two, had joined with another young painter, John Millais, and with three young sculptors, James Collinson, Frederick George Stephens, and Thomas Woolner, and with Rossetti's younger brother, William M. Rossetti, in forming a society. They had taken to themselves the title of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, and were in the habit of affixing to their signatures the letters, P. R. B.
The object of the Brotherhood was revolt against existing views and conditions of art; in its original intention not unlike the revolt of Courbet, a plea for realism. He was ridiculing the dry formalism of the Classicists,