ÉDOUARD MANET 1833-1883 Impressionistic School of France
JOZEF ISRAELS 1824- Modern Dutch School
WHAT a contrast these two pictures present! Their very titles indicate the different point of view in the two artists. The Old Scribe has in it the ring of an appeal to our sympathy and interest; Girl with a Parrot, on the contrary, is barren of any sympathetic suggestion. Manet, in fact, had no feeling for his subject, except in so far as it contributed to a purely artistic intention; but Israels added to an intention, equally artistic, the further one of entering into the humanness of his subject. He has been through his long career the painter of the Dutch poor, as Millet was of the French peasants; a painter whose work always echoes a clear note of poetry. At the same time he has been the chief influence in the modern revival of Dutch art. On the other hand, while the influence of Manet upon modern art has been even greater, his hold upon the imagination of the layman has been very slight. He was essentially a "painter's painter."
We will consider him first; because an understanding of what he did will help also to a fuller appreciation of Israels, since the latter, like all modern artists who are