Varieties of Memory and Consciousness: Essays in Honour of Endel Tulving

By Endel Tulving III; Henry L. Roediger III et al. | Go to book overview

12
Lasting Representations and Temporary Processes

Donald Broadbent
University of Oxford


THE TECHNIQUE OF INTERFERENCE

Of the many possible ways of classifying memory, this chapter uses only one; the effects on memory of interference from other events that happen to the person. We can find types of memory that are impaired by event A but not by B, whereas a different class of memories may show impairment by B but not by A. Consequently, there must be something different about the changes in the nervous system that hold the representations of each type. The two types need not, of course, be physically distinct, in location in the brain or in the type of physiological coding used. They are, however, computationally distinct; they do different things. As we shall see, a classification based on this approach may well parallel classifications of other types, and does not exclude them.

In traditional experiments on interference, A and B might correspond to different types of material. A task in which an event A occurs may affect memory for earlier material that also includes A, but not for memory that only includes B. Nowadays, I expect, many of us, influenced by Endel Tulving, would say that A and B are cues that have each formed a separate and specific code with the items that are to be remembered. The intervening task damages one kind of memory, and not the other, because it affects only retrieval of the code that is elicited through cue A. The fact that recall and recognition show different effects of interference becomes very reasonable. It does not now disturb us, although it used to be a matter of great concern.

By using interference in this way, we could, if we wished to do so, classify memories as those that depend on A and those that depend on B. There would be little interest in doing so, when A and B are cues idiosyncratic to one experiment.

-211-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Varieties of Memory and Consciousness: Essays in Honour of Endel Tulving
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 452

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.