CHAPTER VIII
Q

Second only in probability to the hypothesis that Luke and Matthew derived part of their contents from Mark is the corollary that other parts of their contents depend upon other common written record. The evidence for this corollary is the body of similar matter found in the two later gospels, but not found in Mark. The agreements of wording in these passages between Matthew and Luke are sufficient evidence of literary relationship of some kind. That either evangelist copied from the other is less probable than the only other alternative, that a common source lies behind both. Like that which they derive from Mark, this material already lay in writing before the two evangelists. For this material scholars are wont to use the symbol Q, though the "logia," the "second source," the "apostolic source" and other terms are still in vogue in some quarters. To this matter we must now turn in the consideration of Luke's sources.

Our knowledge of this source and of its history is not so extensive as our knowledge of Mark. It may seem that we know so little about it that its very existence is equally problematical. That is not the case. As often happens in literary criticism the existence of a common written source can be asserted with a good deal of assurance, when its scope and origin must remain unknown. In spite of our ignorance of detail the modern discovery of this stage in the transmission of the gospel is a significant and almost romantic event.

-98-

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