First magic shadow show--Ancient optical studies--Chinese Shadow Plays, Japanese and English mirrors--The art- science begins with Aristotle and Archimedes, Greeks, and Alhazen, an Arab.
FROM ANY VIEWPOINT the story of the origin of the motion picture begins with "A". The fundamental and instinctive urge to create pictures in living reality goes all the way back to Adam. Aristotle developed the theoretical basis of the science of optics. Archimedes made the first systematic use of lenses and mirrors. Alhazen, the Arab, pioneered in the study of the human eye, a prerequisite for developing machines to duplicate requisite functions of the human eye.
Lights and shadows were made when the night and the day were made:
And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
And God saw the light that it was good; and He
divided the light from the darkness.
And He called the light Day, and the darkness Night;
and there was evening and morning one day.
. . . . . . . .
And God said: Let there be lights made in the
firmament of heaven . . .
And God made two great lights: a greater light to
rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night;
and the stars. --Book of Genesis