THE BARON'S PROJECTOR
First impact of war on magic shadows--GeneralUchatius invents a projector combining Kircher's magic lantern and the Plateau-Stampfer picture disks--Motion pictures reach the screen.
THE FIRST MAN to combine Kircher's magic lantern and the Plateau-Stampfer disk and thereby achieve moving images on a screen visible to an audience was Baron General Franz von Uchatius. A type of bronze was named for this Austrian ballistic expert but, though his machine was the pattern for motion picture projectors until the advent of film at the end of the century, his name was not linked with the device. With Uchatius also came the first impact of projected pictures on the science of war. From these small beginnings, in less than a century, the motion picture --in our day--became a great weapon of psychological warfare.
Franz Uchatius, the second son of a former artillery officer and instructor in the cadet school who resigned after 19 years' service to become street commissioner in a small Austrian town, was born on October 20, 1811, at Theresienfeld, Wiener Neustadt, Austria. The father had married a woman from Bavaria and lived comfortably, for in addition to his town job he managed an estate and derived income from an agricultural sowing machine which he had invented.
After elementary and high school education near his home, Franz was apprenticed to a Viennese merchant. His father had to pay an annual fee of some 300 gulden (about $120) for the privilege. Franz, a small, sensitive boy, was very unhappy as an