MAGIC SHADOWS A Descriptive Chronology
First artist's aspiration to recreate life and the movement|
of the world of nature.
Babylonians and Egyptians acquire first scientific knowl-|
edge of the light and shadow art-science. Crude magnify-
ing glasses are fashioned. Light and shadow are used for
entertainment and deception.
Chinese Shadow Plays make use of silhouette figures cast|
on a screen of smoke.
Japanese and English mirrors are devices for reflecting|
strange optical illusions.
Aristotle gives impetus to all studies. First recorded magic|
shadow experiment--"the square hole and round sun."
| Euclid demonstrates that light travels in straight lines,|
a fundamental for all projection and photography.
|225|| Archimedes devises the famous "Burning Glasses" for|
destroying ships of the enemy, which may or may not have
been a factor in the defense of Syracuse.
|60|| Lucretius, the Roman poet, writes De Rerum Natura, "On|
the Nature of Things," combining verse and philosophy
and a bit of science. The work contains a reference errone-
ously interpreted as a description of a magic lantern show.
|50|| Pliny and Seneca advance scientific knowledge. The effect|
of the atmosphere on silver is noted by Pliny. Seneca writes
on the persistence of the sensation of vision.