Human Factors in Intelligent Transportation Systems

By Woodrow Barfield; Thomas A. Dingus | Go to book overview
employed. A few centers use local university ergonomics consultants, and many seek inputs from their existing operators. Usually, however, designs are simply evolutions of the architects' previous work, including previous solutions and previous mistakes.Substantial amounts of automation are becoming possible in the TMC, and some systems are even capable of managing normal traffic flow without human intervention. Full-service TMCS, however, that coordinate responses to roadway incidents and manage traffic around roadway work zones, will continue to need human operators far into the future. ITS systems must be designed to support, not replace nor peripheralize, the human operator.ATMS users (operators, maintainers, drivers) and their specific needs must be considered at the beginning of the design process for new and evolving TMCs and their support systems. Designers and vendors must realize that there is more to human factors engineering than providing the operators with a colorful graphic user interface. Numerous publications are present or forthcoming that will provide guidance in important human factors issues and ways of incorporating human factors engineering into the forefront of the design process.
HUMAN FACTORS GUIDELINES
Numerous published human factors guidelines are available or in the process of being written. These may be consulted for detailed human factors engineering recommendations for hardware, software, console, and control room design for the TMC. Some of these are provided in the following list:
ANSI/HFS 100- 1988 is the standard for human factors design of video display terminals.
NUREG-0700 is the Nuclear Regulatory Commission guideline for control room design. A major revision of this older document was released in draft form for comment in 1995.
Guidelines for Designing User Interface Software was written by MITRE Corporation for the U. S. Air Force.
Human Factors Handbook for Advanced Traffic Management Center Design was prepared for the Federal Highway Administration by Georgia Tech Research Institute to provide detailed human factors guidelines and promote consideration of other TMC design issues.

REFERENCE

Constantino J. ( 1993). Statement of Dr. James Constantino. Technology policy: Surface transport infrastructure R&D: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Technology, Environment, and Aviation of the Committee on Science, Space and Technology, US. House of Representatives (pp. 6-19). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

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