Purposes. The purposes of the United States Employment Service, according to the wording of the annual appropriation act, are
. . . to foster, promote and develop the welfare of the wage earners of the United States, including juniors legally employed, to improve their working conditions, to advance their opportunities for profitable employment by regularly collecting, furnishing and publishing employment information as to opportunities for employment; maintaining a system for clearing labor between the several states; coöperating with and coördinating the public employment offices throughout the country. . . .1
Due to restricted appropriations, however, but a limited number of these functions are exercised, and even the activities necessary to the carrying out of those functions which are in operation, are restricted. In short, unlike most government services, the functions of the United States Employment Service exceed the activities both as to scope and number.2
A discussion of the activities of the Service would, normally, follow the functional lines; that is, the operations would be described as falling under the headings of recruitment, distribution, and placement of wage earners, the collection and dissemination of information, vocational guidance, etc., regardless of the class of labor to which such activities apply.
In the case of the Employment Service, however, the classes of activities, generally speaking, are exclusive to the classes of labor to which they apply. That is, recruitment and placement work applies, for all practical purposes, exclusively to agricultural labor, collection of information to industrial labor, and vocational guidance to juniors.3____________________