The United States Employment Service: Its History, Activities and Organization

By Darrell Hevenor Smith; Brookings Institution | Go to book overview

CHAPTER II
ACTIVITIES

Purposes. The purposes of the United States Employment Service, according to the wording of the annual appropriation act, are

. . . to foster, promote and develop the welfare of the wage earners of the United States, including juniors legally employed, to improve their working conditions, to advance their opportunities for profitable employment by regularly collecting, furnishing and publishing employment information as to opportunities for employment; maintaining a system for clearing labor between the several states; coöperating with and coördinating the public employment offices throughout the country. . . .1

Due to restricted appropriations, however, but a limited number of these functions are exercised, and even the activities necessary to the carrying out of those functions which are in operation, are restricted. In short, unlike most government services, the functions of the United States Employment Service exceed the activities both as to scope and number.2

A discussion of the activities of the Service would, normally, follow the functional lines; that is, the operations would be described as falling under the headings of recruitment, distribution, and placement of wage earners, the collection and dissemination of information, vocational guidance, etc., regardless of the class of labor to which such activities apply.

In the case of the Employment Service, however, the classes of activities, generally speaking, are exclusive to the classes of labor to which they apply. That is, recruitment and placement work applies, for all practical purposes, exclusively to agricultural labor, collection of information to industrial labor, and vocational guidance to juniors.3

____________________
1
42 Stat. L., 1110, 1129.
2
As an example of the opposite situation, compare the Bureau of Education. (Service Monograph No. 14, Institute for Government Research.)
3
Boys and girls between the legal working age and twenty-one years

-58-

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The United States Employment Service: Its History, Activities and Organization
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • THE INSTITUTE FOR GOVERNMENT RESEARCH ii
  • Title Page iii
  • PUBLICATIONS OF THE INSTITUTE FOR GOVERNMENT RESEARCH v
  • PUBLICATIONS OF THE INSTITUTE FOR GOVERNMENT RESEARCH vi
  • Foreword vii
  • Contents xi
  • Chapter I- History 1
  • Chapter II- Activities 58
  • Chapter III- Organization 68
  • Appendix 1- OUTLINE OF ORGANIZATION 92
  • Appendix 2- CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES 112
  • Appendix 3- PUBLICATIONS 114
  • Appendix 4- LAWS 116
  • Appendix 5- FINANCIAL STATEMENT 121
  • Appendix 6- BIBLIOGRAPHY1 124
  • Index 127
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