Cognitive Psychology and Artificial Intelligence: Theory and Research in Cognitive Science

By Morton Wagman | Go to book overview

Tables and Figures
Tables
1.1 The Three Levels at Which Any Machine Carrying Out Information-Processing Tasks Must Be Understood4
1.2 General Levels of Information Structures and Processes in Humans and Computers from the Standpoints of Human Intellect and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence7
1.3 The Symbol System Paradigm and the Connectionist Paradigm: Essential Aspects18
1.4 Local Architecture for Subdomains of Cognitive Research20
1.5 Unified Cognitive Architecture20
2.1 Conclusion as a Function of Formal or Informal Reasoning Process and True or False Premises25
2.2 Percentage of Total Responses for Eight Types of Conditional Syllogisms27
2.3 Number of Subjects Initially Susceptible to Making Fallacious Inferences Who Resisted Making Subsequent Fallacious Inferences at Different Stages of the Task or Made the Maximum Number of Fallacious Inferences36
2.4 The Derivation of Bayes's Theorem53
2.5 Problematic Assumptions, Abstractions, and Conclusions in the Kahneman and Tversky Research on the Psychology of Rationality58
2.6 Boolian Algebra: Propositions as Equations63
2.7 The Predicate Calculus65

-ix-

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Cognitive Psychology and Artificial Intelligence: Theory and Research in Cognitive Science
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures ix
  • Preface xiii
  • Acknowledgments xiv
  • One - The Sciences of Cognition 1
  • Two Human Reasoning and Reasoning Systems 23
  • Three Human Problem Solving and Problem-Solving Systems 73
  • Four Human Learning and Learning Systems 105
  • Five Human Expertise and Expert Systems 121
  • Six The Nature of Intelligence and Intelligent Systems 131
  • Appendix 153
  • Bibliography 157
  • Author Index 169
  • Subject Index 173
  • About the Author 177
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