Whereas the sphere of artificial intelligence rests solely on algorithmic intelligence, the sphere of human intellect rests both on algorithmic intelligence and creative intelligence. Indeed, the enormous increase in the sphere of human intellect in the course of history, and especially in the course of recent scientific history, may be accounted for by the successive and complementary contribution of algorithmic and creative intelligence. In recent decades, the form of this interaction of types of intelligence is most clearly seen in the moving line phenomenon that characterizes temporal and synergistic relationships between human intellect and artificial intelligence.
The moving line phenomenon is summarized in Table A. 1. As may be seen in Table A.1, the moving line of intelligence is cyclic across both spheres of human intellect and artificial intelligence and interactive between the spheres. The time series of the moving line of intelligence is recapitulated in the final row of Table A. 1.
Human intellect embraces both general knowledge and technical knowledge. In any given profession (psychology, medicine, law, librarianship, engineering, etc.), the solution of problems typically involves both types of knowledge.
However, professional status is often equated with technical knowledge. Computers that possess technical knowledge and that can perform technical problem solving are often viewed as a threat to human professionals ( Wagman, 1983).
Computers that employ algorithms to solve problems in psychological counseling or medical diagnosis, legal research or engineering design, may equal or surpass human experts in speed, precision, and power. Professionals may well need to remind them-