who is against all churches and religion" (for an interesting dissection of this question, see Schuman and Presser, 1981, pp. 289-292). Stouffer, therefore, was not asking so much about an atheist as about a religion-threatener, and accordingly they are labelled "anti-religionists," not atheists, in Tables 5.1-5.3. (Stouffer furnishes data for a question that actually uses the word "atheist," and people are found to be more tolerant of those sorts of people than they are of religion-threateners.)
The importance of question wording in dealing with these issues is vividly suggested in Table 5.32. Replications in 1970 reinforced a finding from 1940: people are far more willing to "not allow" speeches against democracy than they are to "forbid" them. (For an able discussion of this phenomenon, see Schuman and Presser 1981, pp. 276-283.)
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