Culturally Competent Family Therapy: A General Model

By Shlomo Ariel | Go to book overview

3
The Family's Conceptualization of Its Environment

BELIEFS AND VALUES VVITH RESPECT TO ITS ENVIRONMENT
People's beliefs and values often reflect basic principles dictating to the members of the culture how to understand the ecological and existential constraints they encounter and how to respond to them. Different groups react differently, for instance, when subjected to political and social oppression. One group would be guided by the principle of resignation and passivity. Another group would act according to the principle of active revolt and struggle. Furthermore, the same group can adopt different guiding principles in different stages of its development. Confronting a biological fact such as life's finiteness, one culture would embrace the belief that "all is vanity" and guide its members to passive behavior. Another culture would hold the value, "We should prepare a better life for future generations," and guide its members to invest efforts in building the future.In the following list, beliefs and values are classified primarily according to the types of ecological constraints on reaching the family's goals with respect to the environment. There are constraints on reaching control goals (ownership, deriving benefits from others, leadership), and constraints on reaching proximity goals. (These concepts are discussed in greater detail below.) The same beliefs and values can be classified secondarily, according to the family's ways of coping with the constraints. The main modes of coping are:
Purposeful or efficient coping (directed systematically and rationally toward actually reaching the goals) versus purposeless or inefficient coping.

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Culturally Competent Family Therapy: A General Model
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Part I - Culture and Family Therapy: an Overview 1
  • 1 - The Necessity to Incorporate Culture into the Theory and Practice of Family Therapy 3
  • Summary 17
  • 2 - The General Model of Culturally Competent Family Therapy: a Brief Outline 19
  • Summary 30
  • Part II - Family-Cultural Concepts Relevant to Diagnosis and Treatment 33
  • 3 - The Family's Conceptualization of Its Environment 35
  • Summary 43
  • 4 - The Family's Cultural Identity 45
  • Summary 65
  • 5 - The Family's Functioning and Lifestyle 67
  • Summary 74
  • 6 - The Family's Coping with Problems and Difficulties 77
  • Summary 82
  • Part III - The Information-Processing Framework 83
  • 7 - The Family as an Information-Processing System 85
  • Summary 100
  • 8 - Culturally Determined Family Dysfunction 103
  • Summary 116
  • Part IV - Culturally Competent Family Diagnosis 119
  • 9 - Data-Collection Instruments and Procedures 121
  • Summary 130
  • 10 - Analysis of Diagnostic Data 131
  • Summary 150
  • Part V - Therapy 153
  • 11 - The Therapeutic Alliance in Culturally Competent Family Therapy 155
  • Summary 163
  • 12 - Planning the Therapy: Strategies, Tactics and Techniques 165
  • Summary 193
  • 13 - The Therapeutic Process 195
  • Summary 212
  • Epilogue 213
  • Appendix - A Classified List of References 215
  • References 229
  • Index 249
  • About the Author 255
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