Analysis of Diagnostic Data
In this chapter, methods and techniques are proposed for microanalyzing and macroanalyzing the data elicited by the techniques presented in chapter 9. The analysis leads to the construction of deduced functional and dysfunctional ("bugged") cultural family programs at various stages of the case development.
As explained in chapter 7, these methods and techniques cannot and do not constitute a "discovery procedure" leading from observed data to an idiographic theory representing the family's culture. The therapist can arrive at such a theory only by exercising her intuition and creativity. The methods and techniques proposed in this chapter are just heuristic procedures, helping the therapist order and organize the observed data in ways that would facilitate the construction of an idiographic diagnostic theory about the case in hand.
The technique proposed below can be applied to observation protocols, as well as to data elicited by the presenting-problems interview and the case- history interview. The transcribed behavior constitutes an initial microscopic description and interpretation of the behavior on the raw material level. On this level, the manifest, physical, partly observable behavior is described. However, raw material serves mainly as a medium for expressing meaning. Meaning is analyzed on two other levels: The semantic level, where the private thoughts and feelings expressed by raw material are analyzed and described, and the pragmatic, communicational level, at which interpersonal thoughts expressed by the same raw material are specified. For example, one