Regional Security and the Future of Central Asia: The Competition of Iran, Turkey, and Russia

By Hooman Peimani | Go to book overview

PREFACE

Recent developments have further strengthened the main argument of this volume. First, the two new energy agreements have significantly increased the role of Iran in the development of the energy industry of Central Asia, offering both economic rewards and political influence to that country. One is a ten-year agreement between Iran and Kazakhstan for the export of Kazakh oil via the existing Iranian facilities. It seems that two factors have convinced the Kazakhs to use the already tested Iranian route through which they exported oil in 1994 and 1995, and which will enable them to export a relatively significant amount of oil even after their own pipeline is in place. One factor is the uncertainty about the construction of the Kazakh pipeline via Russia reflected in the hesitation of the Western companies to implement their construction projects. Another is the unpredictability of future developments in Russia and that country's relations with Kazakhstan. The Kazakhs, who have been under pressure from the United States to choose the longer, less reliable, and less economically sensible and politically desirable route of Russia for their oil export, have now clearly indicated their preference for the available shorter Iranian route. This route enables them to ship their oil to the Persian Gulf and thereby to world markets much faster and more cheaply than via other routes.

The second agreement is the May 1997 Iran-Turkey-Turkmenistan agreement for the export via Iran of Turkmen natural gas to Turkey (23 billion cubic meters a year) through an Iranian pipeline. There is speculation backed by economic realities that Iran will merge this project with its 1996 agreement with Turkey for the sale of $23 billion worth of its natural gas to that country. Iran will probably construct one pipeline across its land (about 1,200 kilometres) to be used for both

-ix-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Regional Security and the Future of Central Asia: The Competition of Iran, Turkey, and Russia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS xi
  • ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS xiii
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - The Concept of Regional Security 7
  • Notes 19
  • 3 - Historical Background 23
  • Notes 36
  • 4 - Societal Factors and the Rivals 41
  • Introduction 41
  • 5 - Military Factors and the Rivals 65
  • Introduction 65
  • 6 - Economic Factors and the Rivals 91
  • Introduction 91
  • Notes 120
  • 7 - Conclusion 129
  • Bibliography 135
  • Index 143
  • About the Author 153
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 156

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.