In addition to Western sources, certain sources published in Iran and Turkey, both in original languages and in English, were also used in the preparation of this volume. They include books, newspapers, and journals such as Ettela'at Binolmelali ( Tehran), Ettela'at Syasi--Eghtesadi [Political-Economic Ettela'at] ( Tehran), Kayhan Havai ( Tehran), Majelle-i Mottaleaate Asyaye Markazi va Ghafghaz [The Journal of Central Asia and Caucasia Review] ( Tehran), Majelle- i Syasate Khareje [Foreign Policy Journal] ( Tehran), The Iranian Journal of International Affairs ( Tehran), Islam va Musalmanan dar Asyaye Markazi va Ghafghaz [Islam and Muslims in Central Asia and the Caucasus] ( Tehran), Melyathaye Asyaye Meyane [Nations of Central Asia] ( Tehran), Reshehaye Raftare Syasi dar Asyaye Markazi va Ghafghaz [The Roots of Political Behaviour in Central Asia and the Caucasus] ( Tehran), Tehran Times, DEIK Bulletin ( Istanbul), DEIK Yayinlari ( Istanbul), Eurasian File ( Ankara), and Eurasian Studies ( Ankara).
Abolhassan Habibollah Shirazi. The Nations of Central Asia. Tehran: The Institute for Political and International Studies, 1991.
Allworth Edward. "Encounter." In Central Asia: 120 Years of Russian Rule, edited by Edward Allworth, 1-59. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1989.
Binder Leonard. "The Middle East as a Subordinate International System." In Regional Politics and World Order, edited by Richard A. Falk and Saul H. Mendlovitz , 355-368. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1973.