Women's Careers: Pathways and Pitfalls

By Suzanna Rose; Laurie Larwood | Go to book overview

in which they work, there is still much to be done before women take their place equally alongside their men peers.


CONCLUSION

In conclusion, we have seen that in many ways, women academics in business schools face the same difficulties of visibility and role stereotyping as do their counterparts in the private sector. These outcomes of tokenism are likely to result in performance pressures and stress. We also have seen that women (as well as men) in the business schools we surveyed feel that they do not fit in. By raising awareness of the dynamics and results of tokenism, and by developing our networking strategies, we may find a way to alleviate the problems experienced by women faculty members, and to develop the blueprint for more satisfying work lives.


REFERENCES

Bartol K. 1978. "The sex structuring of organizations: A search for possible causes". Academy of Management Review, 3, 805-815.

Devine I. 1985, November. The social isolation of professional women in organizations. Paper presented at Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women, Annual conference, Saskatchewan.

Epstein C. 1975. "Institutional barriers: What keeps women out of the executive suite?" In F. E. Gordon and M. H. Strober (Eds.), Bringing women into management (pp. 7-21). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Farley J. 1982. Academic women and employment discrimination. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Fedler F., T. Counts, and R. Smith. 1983, August. A survey of job satisfaction of women professors in mass communication. Paper presented to the Mass Communication and Society Division, Annual Convention of Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Oregon State University.

Harragan B. L. 1977. Games mother never taught you: Corporate gamesmanship for women. New York: Warner Books.

Inch J. 1985, November. "Affirmative action needed to boost women academics". Canadian Association of University Teachers Bulletin, p. 13.

Kanter R. M. 1977. Men and women of the corporation. New York: Basic Books.

Marshall J. 1984. Women managers: Travellers in a male world. New York: Wiley.

Martin P. Y., D., Harrison and D. Dinitto. 1983. "Advancement for women in hierarchical organizations". Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 19, 19-33.

Offe C. 1976. Industry and inequality. London: Edward Arnold.

Richbell S. 1976. "De facto discrimination and how to kick the habit". Personnel Management, 8, 30-33.

Schein E. H. 1979. "Organizational socialization and the profession of management". In D. A. Kolb, I. M. Rubin, and J. M. Mclntyre (Eds.), Organizational psychology (pp. 87-103). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

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