World Population Trends and Their Impact on Economic Development

By Dominick Salvatore | Go to book overview

of some of these small nations as they try to stimulate growth and provide improved social services to their populations.

The volume closes with an essay by John Piderit, who takes a philosophical view of population growth and international responsibility. Piderit starts by pointing out that population growth in some developing countries is deemed excessive by the countries themselves as well as by developed countries. The normative question of what ought to be done is explored within the context of a standard model of international trade. Since the utilitarian ethic takes the number of individuals as given, that approach is not useful in handling population issues. An approach which emphasizes primary values is developed and applied to the problem of excessive population growth. One interesting result is that, under certain circumstances, it is reasonable for developed countries to put conditions on the aid offered to underdeveloped countries. This chapter provides a fitting conclusion to the volume.


NOTES
1.
United Nations, The State of the World Population 1987 ( New York: United Nations, 1987), p. 1.
2.
Ibid., p. 11.
3.
National Research Council, Population Growth and Economic Development: Policy Questions ( Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1986).
4.
World Bank, World Development Report ( Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1984), p. 105.
5.
United Nations, The State of the World Population 1987, pp. 6-11.
6.
United Nations, Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, World Population Policies: 1987 Monitoring Report ( New York: United Nations, 1987), p. 559.

REFERENCES

Bhagwati Jagdish N. ( 1976). The Brain Drain and Taxation. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

-----( 1983). "The Economic Analysis of International Migration." In J. N. Bhagwati, Essays in International Economic Theory. Vol. 2, International Factor Mobility, edited by R. Feenstra. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press.

Birdsall Nancy ( 1980). "Population Growth and Poverty in the Developing World." Population Bulletin 35 (December): 3-37.

Bloom David E., and Richard B. Freeman ( 1986). "Population Growth, Labor Supply and Employment in Developing Countries." National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 1837, February.

Campano F., and D. Salvatore ( 1987, 1988). "Income Inequality and Economic Development." United Nations Working Paper No. 4 (May). Revised and reprinted in the Journal of Policy Modeling (Spring).

Coale A. J. ( 1986). "Population Trends and Economic Development." In J. Menken, World Population and U.S. Policy. New York: Norton.

-7-

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