Many people contributed to this book over the years. It is impossible to mention them all. Readers, editors, typists, each has made his or her contribution. Richard Coleman made the Boston and Kansas City data available. Henry Meyer made the Detroit data available. Rosemary Sarri made the county welfare directors data available. Roxanne Loy typed, and retyped, both text and tables. Barbara Hochrein spent many hours on the bibliographic material.
Special thanks go to a group: sundry students in the Joint Program in Social Work and Social Science at the University of Michigan. They read countless drafts, trashed many, but out of the ashes of each came a better, more focused document. Carla Parry deserves special mention. She worked tirelessly on the ideas and the structure of this book. Her suggestions for both detailed improvements and conceptual clarifications were outstanding.
Special kudos go to Rick Lane. Rick is a minister, a social worker, a clinical psychologist, and an information specialist. He is also a book lover and editor. Rick worked with me on the final preparation of the manuscript. His emmendations always enhanced, always improved, and always enriched.
I want to mention Msgr. John McCarran of Pittsburgh, and Rev. Thomas Harvey, CEO Emeritus of Catholic Charities USA. Both have retained patience through long conversations about the poor. We explored questions like, "Who are the poor?" "Why are they always with us?" "Why do we think the way we do about them?" and "Could it be different?" Their perspectives were humane and enriching.