and hate speech directed toward the status poor and the life cycle poor as well.
In 1996, with the signature of President Clinton, "welfare as we know it" (Aid to Families with Dependent Children; AFDC) ended, and the states took more control. The PRWORA (Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act) ended AFCD and replaced it with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). It does not take a weatherman to see which way the wind is blowing here. Beneath, and just beneath, all the talk is hate and fear of the poor.
The poor, then, are actual representations of what could happen to us, what will happen to us. We hate them not because they are us ("We have met the enemy, and he is us"), but because they could be us, or will be; because they represent features of the open society in operation we do not like; because they represent a truncation of opportunity and costs coming home to roost; and because we need their resources for our own use and feel guilty about it. Poverty is the embodiment and the realization of our fears.