State Police in the United States: A Socio-Historical Analysis

By H. Kenneth Bechtel | Go to book overview

remarks in the literature such as "it was a partisan issue," or "politics were involved," or "citizens pressured the lawmakers," the question of who was behind state police legislation has long been a mystery. On the other hand, most of the works that discuss opposition to the creation of state police agree that the major, if not the only, obstacle was organized labor. However, this claim is simply stated and no effort is made to investigate the components, activities, and ideology of labor opposition. Was labor unified in its opposition to state police or were there factions within the labor movement with different ideas and approaches to the issue? Was labor the only opposition or were there other interest groups (e.g., farmers, immigrants, or African Americans) that may have been opposed to the state police? These and other questions concerning vested interests need to be critically examined if an accurate account of state police development is to be produced. The following chapters are intended to provide some answers to these important questions.


NOTES
1.
U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics, 1992, edited by Kathleen Maguire, Ann L. Pastore, and Timothy J. Flanagan ( Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1993), p. 40.
2.
Ibid.
3.
See Clemens Bartollas, American Criminal Justice: An Introduction ( New York: Macmillan, 1988); John E. Conklin, Criminology, 2nd ed. ( New York: Macmillan, 1986); Don C. Gibbons, Society, Crime, and Criminal Behavior, 5th ed. ( Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987); Henry W. Mannle and J. David Hirschel, Fundamentals of Criminology ( Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1988); Robert D. Pursley, Introduction to Criminal Justice ( New York: Macmillan, 1987); Lawrence F. Travis, Introduction to Criminal Justice ( Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Publishing, 1990); Lewis Yablonski, Criminology: Crime & Criminality, 4th ed. ( New York: Harper and Row, 1990).
4.
Donald A. Torres, Handbook of State Police, Highway Patrols, and Investigative Agencies ( Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1987).
5.
George T. Felkenes, The Criminal Justice System: Its Functions and Personnel ( Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1973); James A. Inciardi, Criminal Justice ( Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 1984); Larry J. Siegel, Criminology, 3rd ed. ( St. Paul, MN: West Publishing, 1989); Ronald J. Waldron, The Criminal Justice System: An Introduction, 4th ed. ( New York: Harper and Row, 1989); Paul B. Weston and Kenneth M. Wells, Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice: An Introduction (Pacific Palisades, CA: Goodyear, 1972).
6.
Felkenes, The Criminal Justice System; N. Gary Holten and Melvin E. Jones, The System of Criminal Justice, 2nd ed. ( Boston: Little, Brown, 1982); Peter C. Kratcoski and Donald B. Walker, Criminal Justice in America: Process and Issues, 2nd ed. ( New York: Random House, 1984); Weston and Wells, Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice.
7.
Sue T. Reid, Criminal Justice, 2nd ed. ( New York: Macmillan, 1990); Samuel Walker, A Critical History of Police Reform ( Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath, 1977).
8.
Neil C. Chamelin, Vernon B. Fox, and Paul M. Whisenand, Introduction to Criminal Justice ( Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1975); Inciardi, Criminal Justice.

-22-

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State Police in the United States: A Socio-Historical Analysis
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Tables ix
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Chapter 1 Introduction 1
  • Notes 9
  • Chapter 2 What Do We Know About the State Police? 13
  • Notes 22
  • Chapter 3 State Police Development, 1835-1941 25
  • Notes 44
  • Chapter 4 - The State Police in Historical Context 49
  • Notes 62
  • Chapter 5 State Police Development in Illinois, 1917-1929 65
  • Notes 85
  • Chapter 6 the State Police Movement in Illinois 89
  • Notes 110
  • Chapter 7 Creating the State Police in Colorado 113
  • Notes 130
  • Chapter 8 Analysis of the State Police Movement 133
  • Notes 145
  • Appendix - Suggestions for Further Research on the State Police 147
  • BIBLIOGRAPHIES AND DIGESTS 148
  • GENERAL WORKS--BOOKS 149
  • GENERAL WORKS--ARITICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS 149
  • GENERAL WORKS--ARITICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS 151
  • GENERAL WORKS--ARITICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS 152
  • Bibliography 161
  • Index 173
  • About the Author 180
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