ing the size of the highway patrol and granting it greater powers of arrest and jurisdiction.
Beginning in 1917, eight successive attempts were made to create a paramilitary state police force in Illinois--and all failed. Although the legislatures of 1921 and 1923 did establish "highway patrol" forces, these were small organizations restricted to enforcing traffic and highway maintenance laws. These forces were quite unlike the powerful state police forces of Pennsylvania, New York, or Michigan sought by Dunlap in his legislation. Given the strength and influence of various groups such as the Chicago and Illinois Chambers of Commerce, the Illinois Bankers' Association, the Illinois Farm Bureau, and the powerful Illinois Manufacturers' Association--all supporting the drive for a state police--the failure to enact such legislation is surprising.
To understand fully the failure of state police legislation in Illinois, one must take into consideration such factors as the political strength of organized labor, the impact of ethnic divisions within the political establishment, the debate between "wets" and "drys" over prohibition, the relationship between downstate and Chicago, as well as the complicated political arrangements in both the city of Chicago and Cook County in general. These and other important factors will be discussed in Chapter 6 in an attempt to provide some analysis and interpretation of the facts presented in this chapter on efforts to establish a state police in Illinois.