questions for which there are no easy rights and wrongs. By doing this, we learn that answers are not all there for us simply to absorb. And this means the realization that it is up to us! There are no broadly informed experts up there, taking care of business for us. We must hone the tools we need to wield effective power; we must learn the arts of political life.
In so doing, we create an active concept of citizenship as meaningful power to shape one's life and society according to one's deepest values. Our understanding of power and self-interest begins to change. Education then becomes a force for the profound democratic awakening needed if we are to meet the challenges of the twenty-first century.
Barber Benjamin. Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1984.
Boyte Harry C. CommonWealth: A Return to Citizen Politics. New York: Free Press, 1989.
Lappé Frances Moore. Rediscovering America's Values. New York: Ballantine Books, 1989.
Walsh Debbie, and Richard W. Paul. The Goal of Critical Thinking from Educational Ideal to Educational Reality. New York: American Federation of Teachers Educational Issues Department, 1988.