staffing shifts. To avoid terminations a three-to-five-year implementation phase-in time was recommended, thereby allowing staffing changes to be accomplished through resignation, retirement, or retraining.
In summary, the final revision of general education contained many substantial changes including a category of interdisciplinary studies. A change of such scope and significance could never have been made if it had come forward as the idea of the Provost, the Dean, an individual faculty member or even a single committee. It was only possible because a process was used that included broad groups of faculty. As Clark Kerr has aptly observed, "Innovations sometimes succeed best when they have no obvious author."3
Bok Derek. Higher Learning. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986.
Whitehead Alfred North. The Aims of Education. New York: Macmillan Company, 1929.