The Cruel God: Job's Search for the Meaning of Suffering

By Margaret Brackenbury Crook | Go to book overview

Appendix II
Names for God in the Book of Job

There is a certain difference between those names used for God in the Prologue and Epilogue and those used in the Poet's Argument. "The Lord" of the Prologue and Epilogue becomes "the Almighty" of the Argument.

From the days of David and Solomon till the fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians--that is, from about 1000 to 587 B.C., just over four hundred years--writers freely used the sacred name Yahweh. It stands in the consonantal Hebrew Text as JHVH. Then there came a time when Hebrew readers preferred not to employ the sacred name, lest their conquerors make light of it. Instead, they used the word Adonai, "Lord." In the later manuscripts, to remind readers of this customary preference, the vowel signs of Adonai were often written in combination with the consonants, JHVH. The result was a word that translators took for Jehovah.

Fortunately, the King James translators generally (and correctly) used the word "Lord" for God, and used Jehovah only occasionally--when, for instance, Adonai and JHVH appear together in the Hebrew. This usage has prevailed in the Revised Standard Version.

Yahweh, which probably means He who causes to be (what comes into existence), is a very old name. It is often coupled with the musical word, Elohîm, a plural form meaning "gods" but used in the Old Testament as an honorific title for the One God. When Jerusalem falls to the Babylonians and the people go into exile, although they still freely employ the term Elohîm, they are reluctant to utter the sacred name Yahweh. They do not wish the name to be derided as that of a deity who cannot defend his territory or save his people from exile. It becomes customary, then, to substitute for Yahweh the term Adonai, which is very properly translated "Lord."

Any wiseman, telling the story of the patient Job in the days

-205-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Cruel God: Job's Search for the Meaning of Suffering
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 224

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.