Dannevirke, January 4, 1905. The name Dannevirke is that given to the thousand-
year-old defense line along the southern border of Danish Slesvig (or Schlesvig in English).
Danskeren, June 30, 1892. For a complete discussion of the loss of language and
Americanization of the Danish Lutherans, see Paul C. Nyholm, The Americanization of
the Danish Lutheran Churches in America ( Copenhagen: Institute for Danish Church
Marzolf, Danish-Language Press, p. 117.
Den Danske Pioneer, September 23, 1926.
Marzolf, Danish-Language Press, pp. 143-154.
Den Danske Pioneer, July 26, 1917.
Marzolf, Danish-Language Press, pp. 154-75.
Letter from Reverend
Thorvald Hansen, editor of Kirke og Folk, dated June 15, 1983, to the author.
Marzolf, Danish-Language Press, pp. 175-176.
Berlingske Tidende, May 9, 1969.
Letter from Chris Steffensen, managing editor, Den Denske Pioneer, dated June
30, 1983, to the author.
Den Danske Pioneer, September 6, 1982.
The Danish Immigrant Archival Listing at Grand View College's Danish Immigrant
Archives, Des Moines, Iowa 50316, has a complete listing of the location of extant
collections of Danish-American newspapers as well as records of other groups and individuals. Thorvald Hansen is the archivist. The Danish-American Heritage Society headquarters are at 29672 Dane Lane, Junction City, Oregon 97448.
Joshua Fishman, Language Loyalty in the United States ( The Hague: Mouton &
Co., 1966), pp. 52-74.
Knudsen Johannes. The Danish-American Immigrant: Phases of His Religion and Culture. Des Moines: Grand View College, 1950.
Marzolf Marion Tuttle. The Danish-Language Press in America. New York: Arno Press,
Salmonsen Morris. Brogede Minder. Copenhagen: Gyldendal, 1913.
Skaardal Dorothy Burton. The Divided Heart: Scandinavian Immigrant Experience
through Literary Sources. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1974.
Stephenson George M. "The Mind of the Scandinavian Immigrant." Norwegian-American Studies 4. Northfield, Minn., 1929.