The Ethnic Press in the United States: A Historical Analysis and Handbook

By Sally M. Miller | Go to book overview

9
The Franco-American Press

ROBERT B. PERREAULT

Of the nearly 500 French-language newspapers that have appeared in the United States since 1780, over 330 were published between 1868 and the present by and for Québécois immigrants and their descendants, the Franco-Americans, in the New England--eastern New York area. 1 For reasons of practicality, the present study will focus primarily on the New England Franco-American press while offering, as an introduction, a brief overview of French-language newspapers published in regions of the United States settled by immigrants from France, Acadia, and Québec.

The birth of the French press in this country occurred with the printing of La Gazette Française (The French gazette) aboard the French fleet docked at New- port, Rhode Island, in November-December 1780. 2 From this date until the turn of the nineteenth century, at least ten newspapers, most of them ephemeral, served the French populations of such cities as Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and New Orleans. During the next hundred years Louisiana, peopled heavily by Creoles and Cajuns, 3 became a breeding ground for no less than sixty French newspapers. The most successful among these was L'Abeille (The bee), a trilingual (French-English-Spanish) daily, which ran from 1827 to 1916. 4 Elsewhere, New York City, San Francisco, and Los Angeles afforded French journalists a relatively favorable climate. In fact, the two longest-running newspapers in the history of the French-language press in the United States are Le Courrier des Etats-Unis (The United States courier), founded in New York in 1828, and L'Echo du Pacifique (The Pacific echo) of San Francisco, which dates back to 1852. Both have undergone name changes and are published today as France-Amérique ( France-America) and Le Journal Français d'Amérique (The French journal of America), respectively. 5

In the vicinity of the Great Lakes, there flourished not a purely French press, but a French-Canadian and Franco-American press. Between 1817 and 1959, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota witnessed the arrival and departure of some forty French-language journals. In terms of longevity, the two most important were, L'Echo de l'Ouest (The western echo) of Minneapolis ( 1883-

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The Ethnic Press in the United States: A Historical Analysis and Handbook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Notes xxi
  • 1: The Arabic-Language Press 1
  • Notes 13
  • Bibliography 14
  • 2: The Carpatho-Rusyn Press 15
  • Introduction 15
  • Conclusion 23
  • Notes 23
  • Notes 26
  • 3: The Chinese-American Press 27
  • Notes 39
  • Notes 42
  • 4: The Croatian Press 45
  • Notes 56
  • Notes 58
  • 5: The Danish Press 59
  • Bibliography 69
  • 6: The Dutch Press 71
  • Notes 82
  • Notes 83
  • 7: The Filipino-American Press 85
  • Introduction 85
  • Conclusion 95
  • Notes 96
  • Notes 99
  • 8: The Finnish Press 101
  • BEBLIOGRAPHY 113
  • 9: The Franco-American Press 115
  • Bibliography 128
  • 10: The German-American Press 131
  • Bibliography 158
  • 11: The Greek Press 161
  • Notes 174
  • Bibliography 176
  • 12: The Irish-American Press 177
  • Bibliography 188
  • 13: The Japanese-American Press 191
  • Bibliography 202
  • 14: The Jewish Press 203
  • Bibliography 227
  • 15: The Latvian and Lithuanian Press 229
  • Bibliography 236
  • Notes 242
  • Bibliography 244
  • 16: The Mexican-American Press 247
  • Bibliography 260
  • 17: The Norwegian-American Press 261
  • Bibliography 273
  • 18: The Polish-American Press 275
  • Bibliography 289
  • 19: The Portuguese Press 291
  • Bibliography 302
  • 20: The Puerto Rican Press 303
  • Bibliography 314
  • 21: The Romanian Press 315
  • Bibliography 324
  • 22: The Russian Press 325
  • Bibliography 335
  • 23: The Serbian Press 337
  • Bibliography 351
  • 24: The Slovak-American Press 353
  • Bibliography 368
  • 25: The Slovene-American Press 369
  • Bibliography 377
  • 26: The Swedish Press 379
  • Bibliography 391
  • 27: The Ukrainian Press 393
  • Bibliography 407
  • About the Editor and Contributors 409
  • Index 415
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