The Ethnic Press in the United States: A Historical Analysis and Handbook

By Sally M. Miller | Go to book overview

11
The Greek Press

ANDREW T. KOPAN

Americans are impressed by the fact that of all the emigrants from Europe who have come to the United States, the Greeks preeminently continue to speak their native language (although decreasingly so) and to pass it on to the younger generations. 1 The Italians, Czechs, Poles, and others who arrived in the United States in large numbers during the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early decades of the twentieth forgot their mother tongue after thirty to forty years. It is rare today for their children to speak languages other than English. With the Greeks, however, it seems that precisely the opposite has happened and continues to happen. This is attributed to a number of factors: the strong social and ethnic cohesion of the Greek immigrant family; the presence of an extensive Greek ethnic press; and the influence of the Greek Orthodox Church with its extensive ethnic school system and infrastructure.

While Greek immigrants were primarily an illiterate group when they immigrated to the United States, they were, nonetheless, descendants of one of the most literate societies in the world and were keenly conscious of that heritage. Despite the low level of literacy, there prevailed a strong oral tradition which was reflected in the constant retelling of famous stories from their history, especially from the classical and Byzantine periods. Accordingly, twentieth- century Greek immigrants felt kinship with Homer and Plato as well as with Byzantine culture; nor could they forget that the New Testament and the development of the Christian Church were largely Greek achievements.

The Greek ethnic press developed rapidly in the United States. Greek immigration did not peak until 1907, when 36,404 immigrants arrived. 2 By then, several Greek-language newspapers, including a daily, were already in existence.

One of the principal factors which led to the early establishment of newspapers in the Greek communities of the United States was the Greek immigrants' passion for nationalism and politics. The desire to be informed about political events in the old country and to keep abreast of Greece's wars with Turkey in liberating portions of "unredeemed Greece" made them insatiable devourers of news. This was not unlike the Greek homeland, where readers combed the various news-

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The Ethnic Press in the United States: A Historical Analysis and Handbook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Notes xxi
  • 1: The Arabic-Language Press 1
  • Notes 13
  • Bibliography 14
  • 2: The Carpatho-Rusyn Press 15
  • Introduction 15
  • Conclusion 23
  • Notes 23
  • Notes 26
  • 3: The Chinese-American Press 27
  • Notes 39
  • Notes 42
  • 4: The Croatian Press 45
  • Notes 56
  • Notes 58
  • 5: The Danish Press 59
  • Bibliography 69
  • 6: The Dutch Press 71
  • Notes 82
  • Notes 83
  • 7: The Filipino-American Press 85
  • Introduction 85
  • Conclusion 95
  • Notes 96
  • Notes 99
  • 8: The Finnish Press 101
  • BEBLIOGRAPHY 113
  • 9: The Franco-American Press 115
  • Bibliography 128
  • 10: The German-American Press 131
  • Bibliography 158
  • 11: The Greek Press 161
  • Notes 174
  • Bibliography 176
  • 12: The Irish-American Press 177
  • Bibliography 188
  • 13: The Japanese-American Press 191
  • Bibliography 202
  • 14: The Jewish Press 203
  • Bibliography 227
  • 15: The Latvian and Lithuanian Press 229
  • Bibliography 236
  • Notes 242
  • Bibliography 244
  • 16: The Mexican-American Press 247
  • Bibliography 260
  • 17: The Norwegian-American Press 261
  • Bibliography 273
  • 18: The Polish-American Press 275
  • Bibliography 289
  • 19: The Portuguese Press 291
  • Bibliography 302
  • 20: The Puerto Rican Press 303
  • Bibliography 314
  • 21: The Romanian Press 315
  • Bibliography 324
  • 22: The Russian Press 325
  • Bibliography 335
  • 23: The Serbian Press 337
  • Bibliography 351
  • 24: The Slovak-American Press 353
  • Bibliography 368
  • 25: The Slovene-American Press 369
  • Bibliography 377
  • 26: The Swedish Press 379
  • Bibliography 391
  • 27: The Ukrainian Press 393
  • Bibliography 407
  • About the Editor and Contributors 409
  • Index 415
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