The invasion and partial occupation of Cyprus by Turkey aroused and united the Greek-American community in a way that no previous issue has. This event, along with Turkey's insistence on sharing control of the Aegean Sea and some of the Greek islands between the two nations, led to the establishment of a new national Greek-American organization, the United Hellenic American Congress. In concert with other Hellenic organizations, it created an effective Greek-American lobby which succeeded in persuading Congress to impose an arms embargo on Turkey and to provide financial and military aid to Greece. 27
In this respect, the Greek-American press, unlike in the days of the Royalist- Venizelist filed, has been unanimous in defense of Greece and Cyprus. In essence then, the Greek ethnic press has come full circle and is once again publishing news on overseas concerns, albeit to an American-born readership.
The Greek ethnic press, whether printed in Greek or English, has been a conspicuous and influential part of Greek community life in America. Despite its shortcomings and its partisanship, it reflected the vitality of Greek immigrants as they sought to adjust to their new lives and to preserve their religio-cultural legacy. Despite its high mortality rate and its ongoing factionalism, the Greek ethnic press contributed to the social cohesion of the community, fostered language maintenance, cultivated ethnic pride, and nourished a sense of identity and survival in an alien environment. But at the same time, despite its role as a carrier of ethnicity, the Greek ethnic press has also been a means of assimilation. 28 And herein lies the present dilemma of the Greek language press. While the decline of Greek language usage has been temporarily arrested with the arrival of a large number of immigrants from Greece, the process of assimilation continues to take its toll as these new immigrants become Americanized. This will in turn contribute to the demise of the Greek-language press as in the past, unless there is a new wave of immigrants from Greece. It may be that only the English-language Greek press will survive, given the resurgence of ethnicity and the rise of the concept of cultural pluralism which has replaced the melting-pot doctrine. But this too is open to conjecture. Only time will tell.